Centre for Internet & Society

Privacy is not a unidimensional concept

Right to privacy is important not only for our negotiations with the information age but also to counter the transgressions of a welfare state. A robust right to privacy is essential for all citizens in India to defend their individual autonomy in the face of invasive state actions purportedly for the public good. The ruling of this nine-judge bench will have far-reaching impact on the extent and scope of rights available to us all.

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High Level Comparison and Analysis of the Use and Regulation of DNA Based Technology Bill 2017

Posted by Elonnai Hickok at Aug 04, 2017 02:25 AM |

This blog post seeks to provide a high level comparison of the 2017 and 2015 DNA Profiling Bill - calling out positive changes, remaining issues, and missing provisions.

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Should an Inability to Precisely Define Privacy Render It Untenable as a Right?

Posted by Amber Sinha at Aug 04, 2017 01:49 AM |

The judges may still be able to articulate the manner in which limits for a right to privacy may be arrived at, without explicitly specifying them.

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Data Protection: Understanding the General Data Protection Regulation

Posted by Aditi Chaturvedi at Jul 04, 2017 04:12 PM |

As recently as May 27, 2016, the General Data Protection Regulation (REGULATION (EU) 2016/679) (hereinafter referred to as GDPR) was adopted. The Data Protection Directive (1995/46/EC) (hereinafter referred to as DPD) will be replaced by this Regulation.

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Cybersecurity Compilation: Indian Context

Posted by Leilah Elmokadem and edited by Elonnai Hickok at Jun 18, 2017 01:16 PM |

This document intends to serve as a comprehensive source compiling all the cyber-security related regulations, policies, guidelines, notifications, executive orders, court rulings, etc.

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Comments from the Centre for Internet and Society on Renewal of .NET Registry Agreement

Posted by Vidushi Marda at May 31, 2017 09:00 PM |
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The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) is grateful for the opportunity to comment on the proposed renewal of the .NET Registry Agreement.

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Aadhaar Case: Beyond Privacy, An Issue of Bodily Integrity

Posted by Amber Sinha and Aradhya Sethia at May 03, 2017 04:02 PM |

The insertion of Section 139AA in the Income Tax Act has been challenged and is being heard by a two-judge bench of the Supreme Court.

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Comments on the Statistical Disclosure Control Report

This submission presents comments by the Centre for Internet and Society, India (“CIS”) on the ​Statistical Disclosure Control Report published on March 30th by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

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(Updated) Information Security Practices of Aadhaar (or lack thereof): A documentation of public availability of Aadhaar Numbers with sensitive personal financial information

Since its inception in 2009, the Aadhaar project has been shrouded in controversy due to various questions raised about privacy, technological issues, welfare exclusion, and security concerns. In this study, we document numerous instances of publicly available Aadhaar Numbers along with other personally identifiable information (PII) of individuals on government websites. This report highlights four government projects run by various government departments that have made sensitive personal financial information and Aadhaar numbers public on the project websites.

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Internet Shutdowns in 2016

Posted by Japreet Grewal at Apr 27, 2017 03:55 PM |
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An internet shutdown is an intentional disruption of internet or electronic communications, rendering them inaccessible or effectively unusable, for a specific population or within a location, often to exert control over the flow of information.

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Regulating Bitcoin in India

The article discusses the possible contours of future bitcoin regulation in India. Bitcoin, often considered a ‘notorious’ virtual currency limited only to techies or speculators, is currently fighting a battle to become a bona fide mainstream means of exchange.

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Brainstorming Session on the Global Conference on Cyberspace (GCCS 2017)

Posted by Japreet Grewal at Apr 14, 2017 04:43 PM |
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I attended a brainstorming session on the Global Conference on Cyber Space 2017 on April 12, 2017 at Electronics Niketan that was organised by the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. The Global Conference on Cyber Space was first held in London in 2011. Thereafter, it was held in Budapest (2012), Seoul (2013) and the Hague (2015).

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Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Posted by Amber Sinha at Apr 11, 2017 02:43 PM |

Personal data is freely accessible, shared and even sold, and those to whom this information belongs have little control over its flow.

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Right to be Forgotten: A Tale of Two Judgements

In the last few months, there have been contrasting judgments from two Indian high courts, Karnataka and Gujarat, on matters relating to the right to be forgotten. The two high courts heard pleas on issues to do the right of individuals to have either personal information redacted from the text of judgments available online or removal of such judgment from publically available sources.

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Aadhaar marks a fundamental shift in citizen-state relations: From ‘We the People’ to ‘We the Government’

Posted by Pranesh Prakash at Apr 04, 2017 04:10 PM |

Your fingerprints, iris scans, details of where you shop. Compulsory Aadhaar means all this data is out there. And it’s still not clear who can view or use it.

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Analysis of Key Provisions of the Aadhaar Act Regulations

Posted by Amber Sinha at Mar 31, 2017 10:00 PM |

In exercise of their powers under of the powers conferred by Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016, (Aadhaar Act) the UIDAI has come out with a set of five regulations in late 2016 last year. In this policy brief, we look at the five regulations, their key provisions and highlight point out the unresolved, issues, unaddressed, and created issues as result of these regulations.

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It’s the technology, stupid

Posted by Sunil Abraham at Mar 31, 2017 10:00 PM |

Eleven reasons why the Aadhaar is not just non-smart but also insecure.

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How Aadhaar compromises privacy? And how to fix it?

Posted by Sunil Abraham at Mar 31, 2017 09:00 PM |

Aadhaar is mass surveillance technology. Unlike targeted surveillance which is a good thing, and essential for national security and public order – mass surveillance undermines security. And while biometrics is appropriate for targeted surveillance by the state – it is wholly inappropriate for everyday transactions between the state and law abiding citizens.

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State of Digital Rights in India (Delhi, March 24)

Posted by Japreet Grewal and Sumandro Chattapadhyay at Mar 23, 2017 04:50 AM |

The Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi and the Internet Freedom Foundation, in association with Access Now, are hosting a discussion on The State of Digital Rights in India on March 24, 2017 (Friday) from 6.00 pm onwards at Lecture Room-I, India International Centre- Annexe, New Delhi. Japreet Grewal and Sumandro Chattapadhyay will participate in the panel discussions.

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Benefits, Harms, Rights and Regulation: A Survey of Literature on Big Data

Posted by Amber Sinha, Vanya Rakesh, Vidushi Marda and Geethanjali Jujjavarapu at Mar 23, 2017 02:17 AM |

This survey draws upon a range of literature including news articles, academic articles, and presentations and seeks to disaggregate the potential benefits and harms of big data, organising them into several broad categories that reflect the existing scholarly literature. The survey also recognises the non-technical big data regulatory options which are in place as well as those which have been proposed by various governments, civil society groups and academics.

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