Centre for Internet & Society

How Aadhaar compromises privacy? And how to fix it?

by Sunil Abraham

Aadhaar is mass surveillance technology. Unlike targeted surveillance which is a good thing, and essential for national security and public order – mass surveillance undermines security. And while biometrics is appropriate for targeted surveillance by the state – it is wholly inappropriate for everyday transactions between the state and law abiding citizens.

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Benefits, Harms, Rights and Regulation: A Survey of Literature on Big Data

by Amber Sinha, Vanya Rakesh, Vidushi Marda and Geethanjali Jujjavarapu

This survey draws upon a range of literature including news articles, academic articles, and presentations and seeks to disaggregate the potential benefits and harms of big data, organising them into several broad categories that reflect the existing scholarly literature. The survey also recognises the non-technical big data regulatory options which are in place as well as those which have been proposed by various governments, civil society groups and academics.

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Comments on Information Technology (Security of Prepaid Payment Instruments) Rules, 2017

by Amber Sinha

The Centre for Internet and Society submitted comments on the Information Technology (Security of Prepaid Payment Instruments) Rules, 2017. The comments were prepared by Udbhav Tiwari, Pranesh Prakash, Abhay Rana, Amber Sinha and Sunil Abraham.

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Can the Judiciary Upturn the Lok Sabha Speaker’s Decision on Aadhaar?

by Amber Sinha

When ruling on the petition filed by Jairam Ramesh challenging passing the Aadhaar Act as a money Bill, the court has differing precedents to look at.

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Privacy Gaps in India's Digital India Project

by Anisha Gupta and Edited by Amber Sinha

This paper seeks to assess the privacy protections under 15 e-governance schemes: Soil Health Card, Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS), Project Panchdeep, U-Dise, Electronic Health Records, NHRM Smart Card, MyGov, eDistricts, Mobile Seva, Digi Locker, eSign framework for Aadhaar, Passport Seva, PayGov, National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP), and Aadhaar.

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Mapping MAG: A study in Institutional Isomorphism

by Jyoti Panday

The paper is an update to a shorter piece of MAG analysis that had been conducted in July 2015. At that time our analysis was limited by the MAG membership data that was made available by the Secretariat. Subsequently we wrote to the Secretariat and this paper is based on the data shared by them including for the years for which membership details were previously not available.

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Big Data in Governance in India: Case Studies

by Amber Sinha, Vanya Rakesh and Vidushi Marda and Edited by Elonnai Hickok, Sumandro Chattapadhyay and Sunil Abraham

This research seeks to understand the most effective way of researching Big Data in the Global South. Towards this goal, the research planned for the development of a Global South big data Research Network that identifies the potential opportunities and harms of big data in the Global South and possible policy solutions and interventions.

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Ranking Digital Rights in India

by Divij Joshi and Aditya Chawla

This report is a study of five Indian telecommunication companies (Tata Communications Ltd., Reliance Communications Limited, Aircel Limited, Vodafone India Private Limited and Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited) and three Indian online service providers (Hike Messenger, Shaadi.com and Rediff.com). The report is an attempt to evaluate the practices and policies of companies which provide internet infrastructure or internet services, and are integral intermediaries to the everyday experience of the internet in India.

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Survey on Data Protection Regime

by Aditi Chaturvedi and Elonnai Hickok

We request you to take part in this survey aimed at understanding how various organisations view the changes in the Data Protection Regime in the European Union. Recently the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 was passed, which shall replace the present Data Protection Directive DPD 95/46/EC. This step is likely to impact the way of working for many organisations. We are grateful for your voluntary contribution to our research, and all information shared by you will be used for the purpose of research only. Questions that personally identify you are not mandatory and will be kept strictly confidential.

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Comparison of General Data Protection Regulation and Data Protection Directive

by Aditi Chaturvedi and Edited by Leilah Elmokadem

Recently, the General Data Protection Regulation (REGULATION (EU) 2016/679) was passed. It shall replace the present Data Protection Directive (DPD 95/46/EC), which is a step that is likely to impact the workings of many organizations. This document intends to offer a clear comparison between the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) a the Data Protection Direction (DPD).

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