Centre for Internet & Society

Our note on the divergence between the General Data Protection Regulation and the Personal Data Protection Bill can be downloaded as a PDF here.

The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), replacing the 1995 EU Data Protection Directive came into effect in May 2018. It harmonises the data protection regulations across the European Union. In India, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology had constituted a Committee of Experts (chaired by Justice Srikrishna) to frame recommendations for a data protection framework in India. The Committee submitted its report and a draft Personal Data Protection Bill in July 2018 (2018 Bill). Public comments were sought on the bill till October 2018. The Central Government revised the Bill and introduced the revised version of the Personal Data Protection Bill (PDP Bill) on December 11, 2019 in the Lok Sabha.

The PDP Bill has incorporated certain aspects of the GDPR, such as requirements for notice to be given to the data principal, consent for processing of data, establishment of a data protection authority, etc. However, there are some differences and in this note we have highlighted the areas of divergence between the two. It only includes provisions which are common to the GDPR and the PDP Bill. It does not include the provisions on (i) Appellate Tribunal, (ii) Finance, Account and Audit; and (iii) Non- Personal Data. 

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