Centre for Internet & Society

This paper will contextualise the narrative around Industry 4.0 and the future of work with reference to the female labour force in India.

It begins by detailing the structure and composition of female labour force participation (FLPR) in the country, with specific reference to the theory of the ‘U-shaped curve’ depicting the relationship between FLPR and economic growth in developing economies. It will go over the demographic and industry-wise distribution of the female labour force, as well as some of the contextual reasons behind the declining rate of participation, such as the income effect and cultural barriers to access and inclusion. The paper will focus on two sectors, IT-BPO and electronics manufacturing, for contextualising labour relations and task content for the female workforce, as also the potential impact of technological adoption. It will go over global projections for skill-biased technological change in the female workforce through Industry 4.0 globally, focusing on automation and platformisation. Finally it gives some policy recommendations to better equip industry and government bodies in dealing with the short and long term impact of technological disruption.


Download the full paper here. The research paper was edited by Elonnai Hickok and Rakhi Sehgal. Divya Kushwaha provided research assistance. Design by Saumyaa Naidu and shared under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

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