Centre for Internet & Society

The aim of the annual Canada Centre Cyber Dialogue is to convene an influential mix of global leaders from government, civil society, academia and private enterprise to participate in a series of facilitated public plenary conversations and working groups around cyberspace security and governance.

The second annual Cyber Dialogue forum takes place March 18-19 2012 in Toronto, Canada. Building upon last year's successful dialogue - Securing the Cyber Commons? - this year's Cyber Dialogue will address the question: What is Stewardship in Cyberspace?


Day One

Location: Innis Town Hall, 2 Sussex Avenue, Toronto
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14:30 – 15:15 WELCOME AND OPENING PLENARY: What is Stewardship in Cyberspace?
Ron Deibert (Canada Centre / Citizen Lab / Munk School)
Cyberspace – the global domain of digital electronic telecommunications – is nearing a turning point. Pressure is building towards a “constitutional moment”. Major governments have begun to debate what should be the “rules of the road” for cyberspace, but agreement appears far off. A mixed transnational common pool resource that cuts across political jurisdictions and the public and private sectors, cyberspace has become the operating system for global communications and commerce almost by a series of accidents. Cyberspace functions, and arguably functions very well, in spite of no grand blueprint or central organizing structure. Yet the pressures around the existing system are growing, the demands for some kind of alternative design are mounting, armed forces are debating offensive operations in cyberspace and competing strategies are being developed rapidly that will impact on the future of cyberspace.

Is there a role for “stewardship” in cyberspace? What does it mean to be a “steward” as a government, a government’s armed forces, a company, an NGO, a social movement, an engineer, a hacktivist, or a citizen? How should these actors behave in cyberspace? Do they have different roles as stewards? What should they do or not do? Where are the gaps? What is an appropriate balance? Do we need stewardship in cyberspace at all? And how does stewardship relate to strategy in cyberspace?
15:15-17:00 Plenary Panel and Discussions
Moderator: Misha Glenny
Panelists: Evgeny Morozov, James Lewis, Marietje Schaake, Bob Boorstin, Sunil Abraham,
Melissa Hathaway
18:00 Reception and Gala Dinner sponsored by Google Inc.
Park Hyatt, 4 Avenue Road, Toronto
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Day Two

Location: Munk School of Global Affairs, The Vivian and David Campbell Conference Facility
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8:00-8:45 BREAKFAST sponsored by Microsoft
8:45-10:15 PANEL ONE: What Next for “Rules of the Road”?
A wide gulf seems to separate blocks of countries around any kind of shared global norms in cyberspace. Positions are solidifying and governments and other actors are lobbying and coalescing around different visions of cyberspace – one defined as a kind of “global commons” and another around a more territorialized vision in line with state sovereignty. Where, if any, are the areas of common agreement? Is it desirable to create or advocate a single set of “cyberspace norms” to govern cyberspace in the first place? What are the existing centres of power in cyberspace? Can we map these poles and the relations between them? What is the appropriate balance between openness and security in cyberspace?

Moderator: Janice Stein
Panelists: Michele Markoff, Nigel Inkster, Arif Lalani, Detlev Wolter, Johan Hallenborg, Robert Dresen
10:15 – 10:30 COFFEE BREAK sponsored by ISOC and Afilias
10:30 – 12:00 PANEL TWO: Who Should Police Cyberspace?
How should Cyberspace be Policed? Should it be policed at all or left to its own devices? How should malicious networks, like botnets, be neutralized? By whom? What lessons can be derived from past experiences? How do we create effective policing across borders without establishing a global police state in cyberspace? Should governments control cyberspace policing and capabilities or should they be downloaded to those who operate the infrastructure (e.g. telecommunications companies, ISPs)? As cyberspace is mostly in the hands of private sector actors, there is a growing worldwide trend towards intermediary liability – putting more and more responsibilities in the hands of the private sector. What are the existing cases that demonstrate intermediary liability? What are the unintended consequences of those cases? Where are the accountability gaps? How should civil society and other actors be included in policing the Internet? What is the proper mix? Where does accountability begin, where does it end, and who’s in charge? How do we preserve a distributed cyberspace governance regime without encouraging vigilantism? Should private sector actors sell products and services that contribute to cyberspace instability and closure? If not, how should they be regulated?
Moderator: Milton Mueller
Panelists: Paul Vixie, Andrew Cushman, Michael Welch, Theo de Vries, Gus Hosein, Jeff Brueggeman,
Eric Davis
12:00 – 13:30 LUNCH sponsored by Microsoft
13:30 – 15:00 PANEL THREE: What are the Limits of Dissent in Cyberspace?
The Arab Spring demonstrates the latent agency of technologically savvy, networked youth. But the Arab Spring model has its (arguably) darker side in the UK riots, the newly emerging networked politics of the Occupy movement, and new forms of agency like WikiLeaks and Anonymous. Should these new forms of political agency be defended as sometimes messy but necessary characteristics of global networked democracy, or should they be criminalized and suppressed? Who is to judge? What are the limits to dissent online? How should stewardship for citizens, activists, dissenters, and protestors in cyberspace be expressed or defined? As cyberspace expands to the global South, will the limits of dissent be defined in different ways than they have been up until now?

Moderator: Jillian York
Panelists: Jac S.M. Kee, Sarah Wynn-Williams, Shahzad Ahmad, Brett Solomon, Lhadon Tethong,
Isaac Mao, Dunja Mijatovic
15:00 – 15:30 COFFEE BREAK sponsored by ISOC and Afilias
15:30 – 16:45 PANEL FOUR: What is Strategy, Stewardship, and War in Cyberspace?
How should armed forces conceptualize strategy in cyberspace? How should they conceptualize stewardship? What will war in cyberspace look like? Who will do the fighting? What capabilities do we require to sustain operations in and through cyberspace? How should war fighting in cyberspace relate to existing rules of armed conflict? If Canada needs a cyber-command what should it look like, and what should be its mission, role and authorities? How will it support or change Canada’s ability to project power in warfighting, peacekeeping and everything in between? As a “middle power”, will Canada’s approach to cyberspace operations provide a model that might be adopted by other countries evolving their war fighting capabilities in this domain?
Moderator: Rafal Rohozinski
Panelists: LCol. Francois Castonguay, Col. Bill Sternhagen, Col T.X. Hammes, Franklin Kramer, James Farwell
16:45 – 17:00 SUMMARY AND CLOSE
Ron Deibert (Canada Centre / Citizen Lab / Munk School)
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