Centre for Internet & Society

A five-day course is being offered by LIRNEasia in collaboration with Myanmar ICT Development Organization, with support from the Open Society Foundation and the International Development Research Centre of Canada in Myanmar from September 28 to October 5, 2013.

Sunil Abraham will be supporting Prof. Samarajiva on the last optional day of this course in Yangon. Read about the Introductory course on “Policy and regulation conducive to rapid ICT sector growth in Myanmar”


To enable members of Myanmar civil-society groups (including academics and those from the media) to marshal available research and evidence for effective participation in policy and regulatory processes, thereby improving policy processes and helping achieve the government’s objective of providing ICT access to all.


The objective of the course is to produce discerning and knowledgeable consumers of research who are able to engage in an informed manner  in ICT policy and regulatory processes in Myanmar.  The course will benefit those working in government and operators as well.

At the end of the course attendees will:

  • Have an understanding of telecom policy and regulatory processes
  • Be able to find and assess relevant research & evidence
  • Be able to summarize the research in a coherent and comprehensive manner
  • Have the necessary tools to improve their communication skills

-        Have some understanding of how media functions and how to effectively interact with media


Participants will be formed into teams on Day1.  Each group will work on an assignment that addresses both substantive and procedural aspects of law, policy and regulation. Teams will be assigned topic areas that are being developed into regulations under the new Act.   They will have to make presentations on what the desirable provisions should be.   We will emphasize the procedural aspects as well as the substantive.  Disciplined and focused team presentations, preferably using slides, are required.

It is necessary to use the Internet for the assignments.  All who have laptops are encouraged to bring them.  Arrangements will be made for Internet connectivity at the hotel.

Tentative topic areas

  1. Licensing and authorization regulations
  2. Essential facilities and anti-competitive practices
  3. Universal service policy
  4. Price and quality regulation
  5. Independence of regulatory agency

Course schedule

Day 1
(September 28)
Day 2
(September 29)
Day 3
(September 30)
(October 1)
Day 5
(October 2) (optional)
09:00-10:30 S1  Introduction to course: What have been the results of reform & rationale for regulation. Rohan Samarajiva (RS) S5   Regulatory legitimacy, including procedural legitimacy (RS) S10   Challenges of monitoring complex license commitments (HG) S14 How does the Internet work? (TBA) S16 Internet governance The big picture. Sunil Abraham (SA)
10:30-11:00 Break Break Break Break
11:00-12:00 S2   Interrogating supply-side indicators & research based on them.  Helani Galpaya (HG) S6   Current status of telecom law and policy in Myanmar (RS) S11 How evidence is used in policy & regulation (panel discussion, KS, RS S15 The art of media interaction (RS) S17 Economic & technical interface with telecom industry (RS)
12:00-13:00 S3 Finding information on the web.  Roshanthi Lucas Gunaratne (RLG) S7 Presenting evidence in slides & written submissions (HG) S12 Essential facilities and anti-competitive practices (RS) A3 Mock public hearing (RS & panel) S18 How Internet is governed within India (SA)
13:00-14:00 Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch
14:00-15:00 A1 Group formation; Assignment explained (HG and RLG) S8   Licensing and authorization (RS)
A2  Midpoint check on assignment/group work (HG and RLG) A4 Mock public hearing & critique (RS & panel) S19 Content regulation (TBA)
15:00-15:30 Break Break Break
15:30-17:00 S4 Demand-side research (RS) S9 Price and quality regulation (RS & HG) S13 Universal service subsidies: Theory & practice (RS & KS) Reflection on the course S20 Surveillance & privacy (SA & RS)
17:00 Group work Group work Group work
19:00 Welcome dinner
Speaker: TBA


Sunil Abraham is the Executive Director of CIS. He is also a social entrepreneur and Free Software advocate. He founded Mahiti in 1998 which aims to reduce the cost and complexity of Information and Communication Technology for the Voluntary Sector by using Free Software. Today, Mahiti employs more than 50 engineers and Sunil continues to serve on the board as a board member. Sunil was elected an Ashoka fellow in 1999 to 'explore the democratic potential of the Internet' and was granted a Sarai FLOSS fellowship in 2003. Between June 2004 and June 2007, he managed the International Open Source Network, a project of the UNDP's Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme serving 42 countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Between September 2007 and June 2008, he also managed ENRAP, an electronic network of International Fund for Agricultural Development projects in the Asia-Pacific facilitated and co-funded by International Development Research Centre, Canada.

Helani Galpaya is LIRNEasia’s Chief Executive Officer. Helani leads LIRNEasia’s 2012-2014 IDRC funded research on improving customer life cycle management practices in the delivery of electricity and e-government services using ICTs.    She recently completed an assessment of how the poor in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka use telecenters to access government services.   For UNCTAD and GTZ she authored a report on how government procurement practices can be used to promote a country’s ICT sector and for the World Bank/InfoDev Broadband Toolkit, a report on broadband strategies in Sri Lanka. She has been an invited speaker at various international forums on topics ranging from m-Government to ICT indicators to communicating research to policy makers. Prior to LIRNEasia, Helani worked at the ICT Agency of Sri Lanka, implementing the World-Bank funded e-Sri Lanka initiative.  Prior to her return to Sri Lanka, she worked in the United States at Booz & Co., Marengo Research, Citibank, and Merrill Lynch. Helani holds a Masters in Technology and Policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Bachelor’s in Computer Science from Mount Holyoke College, USA.

Roshanthi Lucas Gunaratne is a Research Manager at LIRNEasia and is currently managing the Ford Foundation Funded project on Giving Broadband Access to the Poor in India.   She is also contributing to the IDRC Customer Lifecycle Management Practices Project by conducting research on customer lifecycle management practices in telecommunication sector in Bangladesh.  Before joining LIRNEasia, Roshanthi worked at the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geneva, Switzerland as a Strategic Information Officer. She contributed to the process of defining the Global Fund Key Performance Indicators, and also worked on improving the performance measurements of their grants. Prior to that, she worked as a telecom project manager at Dialog Telecom, and Suntel Ltd in Sri Lanka. As Suntel she managed the design and implementation of corporate customer projects.  She holds a MBA from the Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, UK and a BSc. Eng (Hons) specializing in Electronics and Telecommunication from the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka.

Rajat Kathuria, PhD

Rohan Samarajiva, PhD, is founding Chair of LIRNEasia, an ICT policy and regulation think tank active across emerging Asian and Pacific economies.  He was Team Leader at the Sri Lanka Ministry for Economic Reform, Science and Technology (2002-04) responsible for infrastructure reforms, including participation in the design of the USD 83 million e-Sri Lanka Initiative.  He was Director General of Telecommunications in Sri Lanka (1998-99), a founder director of the ICT Agency of Sri Lanka (2003-05), Honorary Professor at the University of Moratuwa in Sri Lanka (2003-04), Visiting Professor of Economics of Infrastructures at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands (2000-03) and Associate Professor of Communication and Public Policy at the Ohio State University in the US (1987-2000).  Dr. Samarajiva was also Policy Advisor to the Ministry of Post and Telecom in Bangladesh (2007-09).

Koesmarihati Sugondo

Resource Material

infodev, ICT regulation toolkithttp://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/Index.html

infoDev.  Broadband strategies toolkithttp://broadbandtoolkit.org/en/toolkit/contents

infoDev (2011). Tenth anniversary telecom regulation handbookhttp://www.infodev.org/En/Publication.1057.html

ITU (2011).  The role of ICT in advancing growth in least developed countries: Trends, challenges and opportunities.  Geneva:  ITU.  http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ldc/turkey/docs/The_Role_of_ICT_in_Advancing_Growth_in_LDCs_Trends_Challenges_and_Opportunities.pdf

Samarajiva, Rohan (2000).  The role of competition in institutional reform of telecommunications: Lessons from Sri Lanka, Telecommunications Policy, 24(8/9): 699-717.  http://www.comunica.org/samarajiva.html

Samarajiva, Rohan (2002).  Why regulate?, chapter 2 of Effective regulation:  Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002.  Geneva:  International Telecommunication Union.

Samarajiva, Rohan (2006).  Preconditions for effective deployment of wireless technologies for development in the Asia-Pacific, Information Technology and International Development, 3(2): 57-71. http://itidjournal.org/itid/article/view/224/94

Samarajiva, Rohan & Zainudeen, Ayesha (2008). ICT infrastructure in emerging Asia:  Policy and regulatory roadblocks,  New Delhi & Ottawa:  Sage & IDRC  http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-117916-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html

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