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by Ben Bas last modified Apr 09, 2013 11:27 AM

Learning to Forget the ECJ's Decision on the Right to be Forgotten and its Implications

by Divij Joshi — last modified Aug 19, 2014 05:24 AM

“The internet never forgets” is a proposition which is equally threatening and promising.

Learning to Forget the ECJ's Decision on the Right to be Forgotten and its Implications - Read More…

“OTTs Eating Into Our Revenue”: Telcos in India

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Aug 07, 2014 10:02 AM

On August 5, 2014, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India organised a seminar on a regulatory framework for Over-The-Top services. This is a lay discussion of the Seminar and its focus on matters crucial to telecom, the Internet and the existing regulatory framework.

“OTTs Eating Into Our Revenue”: Telcos in India - Read More…

Second Privacy and Surveillance Roundtable

by Anandini K Rathore — last modified Aug 09, 2014 04:10 AM

On July 4, 2014, the Centre for Internet and Society in association with the Cellular Operators Association of India organized a privacy roundtable at the India International Centre. The primary aim was to gain inputs on what would constitute an ideal surveillance regime in India.

Second Privacy and Surveillance Roundtable - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 17) – Nishant Shah

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 31, 2014 05:48 AM

CIS interviews Nishant Shah, researcher and academic, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 17) – Nishant Shah - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 19) – Lobsang Sangay

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 31, 2014 05:40 AM

CIS interviews Lobsang Sangay, Prime Minister of the Central Tibetan Administration, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 19) – Lobsang Sangay - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 18) – Lobsang Gyatso Sither

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 31, 2014 05:34 AM

CIS interviews Lobsang Gyatso Sither, Tibetan field coordinator and activist, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 18) – Lobsang Gyatso Sither - Read More…

UK’s Interception of Communications Commissioner — A Model of Accountability

by Joe Sheehan — last modified Jul 24, 2014 06:08 AM

The United Kingdom maintains sophisticated electronic surveillance operations through a number of government agencies, ranging from military intelligence organizations to police departments to tax collection agencies. However, all of this surveillance is governed by one set of national laws outlining specifically what surveillance agencies can and cannot do.

UK’s Interception of Communications Commissioner — A Model of Accountability - Read More…

Private Censorship and the Right to Hear

Private Censorship and the Right to Hear

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Jul 22, 2014 05:57 AM

Very little recourse is available against publishers or intermediaries if these private parties censor an author’s content unreasonably.

Private Censorship and the Right to Hear - Read More…

First Privacy and Surveillance Roundtable

by Anandini K Rathore — last modified Aug 09, 2014 04:13 AM

The Privacy and Surveillance Roundtables are a CIS initiative, in partnership with the Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI), as well as local partners. From June 2014 – November 2014, CIS and COAI will host seven Privacy and Surveillance Roundtable discussions across multiple cities in India. The Roundtables will be closed-door deliberations involving multiple stakeholders.

First Privacy and Surveillance Roundtable - Read More…

GNI and IAMAI Launch Interactive Slideshow Exploring Impact of India's Internet Laws

by Jyoti Panday — last modified Jul 17, 2014 12:01 PM

The Global Network Initiative and the Internet and Mobile Association of India have come together to explain how India’s Internet and technology laws impact economic innovation and freedom of expression.

GNI and IAMAI Launch Interactive Slideshow Exploring Impact of India's Internet Laws - Read More…

Delhi High Court Orders Blocking of Websites after Sony Complains Infringement of 2014 FIFA World Cup Telecast Rights

by Anubha Sinha — last modified Jul 08, 2014 07:02 AM

Of late the Indian judiciary has been issuing John Doe orders to block websites, most recently in Multi Screen Media v. Sunit Singh and Others. The order mandated blocking of 472 websites, out of which approximately 267 websites were blocked as on July 7, 2014. This trend is an extremely dangerous one because it encourages flagrant censorship by intermediaries based on a judicial order which does not provide for specific blocking of a URL, instead provides for blocking of the entire website.

Delhi High Court Orders Blocking of Websites after Sony Complains Infringement of 2014 FIFA World Cup Telecast Rights - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 15) – Malavika Jayaram

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 07, 2014 01:34 PM

CIS interviews Malavika Jayaram, lawyer and researcher, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 15) – Malavika Jayaram - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 16) – Nitin Pai

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 07, 2014 01:18 PM

CIS interviews Nitin Pai, policy analyst, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 16) – Nitin Pai - Read More…

FOEX Live

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jul 07, 2014 12:36 PM

Selections of news on online freedom of expression and digital technology from across India (and some parts of the world)

FOEX Live - Read More…

Free Speech and Surveillance

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Jul 07, 2014 04:59 AM

Gautam Bhatia examines the constitutionality of surveillance by the Indian state.

Free Speech and Surveillance - Read More…

Facebook and its Aversion to Anonymous and Pseudonymous Speech

by Jessamine Mathew — last modified Jul 04, 2014 07:53 AM

Jessamine Mathew explores Facebook's "real name" policy and its implications for the right to free speech.

Facebook and its Aversion to Anonymous and Pseudonymous Speech - Read More…

The Constitutionality of Indian Surveillance Law: Public Emergency as a Condition Precedent for Intercepting Communications

by Bedavyasa Mohanty — last modified Aug 04, 2014 04:52 AM

Bedavyasa Mohanty analyses the nuances of interception of communications under the Indian Telegraph Act and the Indian Post Office Act. In this post he explores the historical bases of surveillance law in India and examines whether the administrative powers of intercepting communications are Constitutionally compatible.

The Constitutionality of Indian Surveillance Law: Public Emergency as a Condition Precedent for Intercepting Communications - Read More…

Models for Surveillance and Interception of Communications Worldwide

by Bedavyasa Mohanty — last modified Jul 10, 2014 07:50 AM

This is an evaluation of laws and practices governing surveillance and interception of communications in 9 countries. The countries evaluated represent a diverse spectrum not only in terms of their global economic standing but also their intrusive surveillance capabilities. The analysis is limited to the procedural standards followed by these countries for authorising surveillance and provisions for resolving interception related disputes.

Models for Surveillance and Interception of Communications Worldwide - Read More…

Reading the Fine Script: Service Providers, Terms and Conditions and Consumer Rights

by Jyoti Panday — last modified Jul 04, 2014 06:31 AM

This year, an increasing number of incidents, related to consumer rights and service providers, have come to light. This blog illustrates the facts of the cases, and discusses the main issues at stake, namely, the role and responsibilities of providers of platforms for user-created content with regard to consumer rights.

Reading the Fine Script: Service Providers, Terms and Conditions and Consumer Rights - Read More…

ICANN’s Documentary Information Disclosure Policy – I: DIDP Basics

by Vinayak Mithal — last modified Jul 01, 2014 01:01 PM

In a series of blogposts, Vinayak Mithal analyses ICANN's reactive transparency mechanism, comparing it with freedom of information best practices. In this post, he describes the DIDP and its relevance for the Internet community.

ICANN’s Documentary Information Disclosure Policy – I: DIDP Basics - Read More…

An Evidence based Intermediary Liability Policy Framework: Workshop at IGF

by Jyoti Panday — last modified Jul 04, 2014 06:41 AM

CIS is organising a workshop at the Internet Governance Forum 2014. The workshop will be an opportunity to present and discuss ongoing research on the changing definition of intermediaries and their responsibilities across jurisdictions and technologies and contribute to a comprehensible framework for liability that is consistent with the capacity of the intermediary and with international human-rights standards.

An Evidence based Intermediary Liability Policy Framework: Workshop at IGF - Read More…

Free Speech and Civil Defamation

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Jul 08, 2014 08:31 AM

Does defamation become a tool in powerful hands to suppress criticism? Gautam Bhatia examines the strict and unrealistic demands of defamation law, and concludes that defamation suits are a weapon to silence dissent and bad press.

Free Speech and Civil Defamation - Read More…

FOEX Live: June 16-23, 2014

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 24, 2014 10:23 AM

A weekly selection of news on online freedom of expression and digital technology from across India (and some parts of the world).

FOEX Live: June 16-23, 2014 - Read More…

IANA Transition: Suggestions for Process Design

by Smarika Kumar — last modified Jun 22, 2014 09:15 AM

With analysis of community-input and ICANN processes, Smarika Kumar offers concrete suggestions for process design. She urges the Indian government to take a stronger position in matters of IANA transition.

IANA Transition: Suggestions for Process Design - Read More…

CIS Policy Brief: IANA Transition Fundamentals & Suggestions for Process Design

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jul 08, 2014 08:39 AM

In March 2014, the US government announced that it would transfer oversight of IANA functions to an as-yet-indeterminate global multi-stakeholder body. This policy brief, written by Smarika Kumar and Geetha Hariharan, explains the process concisely.

CIS Policy Brief: IANA Transition Fundamentals & Suggestions for Process Design - Read More…

Understanding IANA Stewardship Transition

by Smarika Kumar — last modified Jun 22, 2014 03:23 AM

Smarika Kumar describes the process of the IANA stewardship transition, and enumerates what the NTIA announcement does and does not do.

Understanding IANA Stewardship Transition - Read More…

WSIS+10 High Level Event: A Bird's Eye Report

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 20, 2014 03:57 PM

The WSIS+10 High Level was organised by the ITU and collaborative UN entities on June 9-13, 2014. It aimed to evaluate the progress on implementation of WSIS Outcomes from Geneva 2003 and Tunis 2005, and to envision a post-2015 Development Agenda. Geetha Hariharan attended the event on CIS' behalf.

WSIS+10 High Level Event: A Bird's Eye Report - Read More…

Free Speech and Source Protection for Journalists

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Jun 19, 2014 08:10 PM

Gautam Bhatia explores journalistic source protection from the perspective of the right to freedom of speech & expression. In this post, he articulates clearly the centrality of source protection to press freedoms, and surveys the differing legal standards in the US, Europe and India.

Free Speech and Source Protection for Journalists - Read More…

UN Human Rights Council urged to protect human rights online

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 19, 2014 01:28 PM

63 civil society groups urged the UN Human Rights Council to address global challenges to freedom of expression, privacy and other human rights on the Internet. Centre for Internet & Society joined in the statement, delivered on behalf of the 63 groups by Article 19.

UN Human Rights Council urged to protect human rights online - Read More…

Vodafone Report Explains Government Access to Customer Data

by Joe Sheehan — last modified Jun 19, 2014 10:38 AM

Vodafone Group PLC, the world’s second largest mobile carrier, released a report on Friday, June 6 2014 disclosing to what extent governments can request their customers’ data.

Vodafone Report Explains Government Access to Customer Data - Read More…

Multi-stakeholder Models of Internet Governance within States: Why, Who & How?

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 16, 2014 02:27 PM

Internet governance, for long a global exercise, has found new awareness within national frameworks in recent times. Especially relevant for developing countries, effective national IG mechanisms are important to raise awareness and ensure multi-stakeholder participation at technical, infrastructural and public policy levels.

Multi-stakeholder Models of Internet Governance within States: Why, Who & How? - Read More…

FOEX Live: June 8-15, 2014

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 16, 2014 10:22 AM

A weekly selection of news on online freedom of expression and digital technology from across India (and some parts of the world). Please email relevant news/cases/incidents to geetha[at]cis-india.org.

FOEX Live: June 8-15, 2014 - Read More…

A Review of the Functioning of the Cyber Appellate Tribunal and Adjudicatory Officers under the IT Act

by Divij Joshi — last modified Jul 03, 2014 05:43 AM

Tribunals and quasi-judicial bodies are a regular feature of the Indian judicial system, as they provide for easier and less onerous methods for dispute resolution, especially disputes which relate to technical areas and often require technical knowledge and familiarity with specialised factual scenarios.

A Review of the Functioning of the Cyber Appellate Tribunal and Adjudicatory Officers under the IT Act - Read More…

Content Removal on Facebook — A Case of Privatised Censorship?

Content Removal on Facebook — A Case of Privatised Censorship?

by Jessamine Mathew — last modified Jun 16, 2014 05:23 AM

Any activity on Facebook, be it creating an account, posting a picture or status update or creating a group or page, is bound by Facebook’s Terms of Service and Community Guidelines. These contain a list of content that is prohibited from being published on Facebook which ranges from hate speech to pornography to violation of privacy.

Content Removal on Facebook — A Case of Privatised Censorship? - Read More…

Free Speech and Contempt of Courts – II: Article 19(1)(a) and Indian Law

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Jun 16, 2014 05:48 AM

Gautam Bhatia continues his examination of free speech implications of the law of contempt: the power that equips courts to "protect the dignity of the Bench".

Free Speech and Contempt of Courts – II: Article 19(1)(a) and Indian Law - Read More…

Comments to ICANN Supporting the DNS Industry in Underserved Regions

by Jyoti Panday — last modified Jul 04, 2014 06:48 AM

Towards exploring ideas and strategies to help promote the domain name industry in regions that have typically been underserved, ICANN published a call for public comments on May 14, 2014. In particular, ICANN sought comments related to existing barriers to Registrar Accreditation and operation and suggestions on how these challenges might be mitigated. CIS contributed to the comments on this report, which will be used to determine next steps to support the domain name industry in underserved regions.

Comments to ICANN Supporting the DNS Industry in Underserved Regions - Read More…

CIS Comments: Enhancing ICANN Accountability

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 10, 2014 01:03 PM

On May 6, 2014, ICANN published a call for public comments on "Enhancing ICANN Accountability". This comes in the wake of the IANA stewardship transition spearheaded by ICANN and related concerns of ICANN's external and internal accountability mechanisms. Centre for Internet and Society contributed to the call for comments.

CIS Comments: Enhancing ICANN Accountability - Read More…

Free Speech and Contempt of Court – I: Overview

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Jun 08, 2014 03:29 PM

Gautam Bhatia explores an under-theorised aspect of India's free speech jurisprudence: the contempt power that equips courts to "protect the dignity of the Bench". In this introductory post, he examines jurisprudence from the US and England to inform our analysis of Indian law.

Free Speech and Contempt of Court – I: Overview - Read More…

FOEX Live: June 1-7, 2014

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 07, 2014 01:33 PM

A weekly selection of news on online freedom of expression and digital technology from across India (and some parts of the world).

FOEX Live: June 1-7, 2014 - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 14) – Menaka Guruswamy

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 21, 2014 10:39 AM

CIS interviews Menaka Guruswamy, lawyer at the Supreme Court of India, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 14) – Menaka Guruswamy - Read More…

Search and Seizure and the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age: A Comparison of US and India

by Divij Joshi — last modified Jun 02, 2014 06:45 AM

The development of information technology has transformed the way in which individuals make everyday transactions and communicate with the world around us. These interactions and transactions are recorded and stored – constantly available for access by the individual and the company through which the service was used.

Search and Seizure and the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age: A Comparison of US and India - Read More…

Two Arguments Against the Constitutionality of Section 66A

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Jun 04, 2014 03:42 AM

Gautam Bhatia explores the constitutionality of Section 66A in light of recent events.

Two Arguments Against the Constitutionality of Section 66A - Read More…

FOEX Live: May 28-29, 2014

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified May 29, 2014 08:58 AM

A selection of news from across India with a bearing on online freedom of expression and use of digital technology

FOEX Live: May 28-29, 2014 - Read More…

FOEX Live: May 26-27, 2014

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified May 27, 2014 12:42 PM

A selection of news from across India implicating online freedom of expression and use of digital technology

FOEX Live: May 26-27, 2014 - Read More…

Legislating for Privacy - Part II

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified May 28, 2014 09:59 AM

Apart from the conflation of commercial data protection and privacy, the right to privacy bill has ill-informed and poorly drafted provisions to regulate surveillance.

Legislating for Privacy - Part II - Read More…

Net Neutrality, Free Speech and the Indian Constitution – III: Conceptions of Free Speech and Democracy

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified May 27, 2014 10:21 AM

In this 3 part series, Gautam Bhatia explores the concept of net neutrality in the context of Indian law and the Indian Constitution.

Net Neutrality, Free Speech and the Indian Constitution – III: Conceptions of Free Speech and Democracy - Read More…

European Court of Justice rules Internet Search Engine Operator responsible for Processing Personal Data Published by Third Parties

by Jyoti Panday — last modified May 14, 2014 02:18 PM

The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that an "an internet search engine operator is responsible for the processing that it carries out of personal data which appear on web pages published by third parties.” The decision adds to the conundrum of maintaining a balance between freedom of expression, protecting personal data and intermediary liability.

European Court of Justice rules Internet Search Engine Operator responsible for Processing Personal Data Published by Third Parties - Read More…

Net Freedom Campaign Loses its Way

by Sunil Abraham — last modified May 27, 2014 11:07 AM

A recent global meet was a victory for governments and the private sector over civil society interests.

Net Freedom Campaign Loses its Way - Read More…

Networks: What You Don’t See is What You (for)Get

Networks: What You Don’t See is What You (for)Get

by Nishant Shah — last modified May 28, 2014 09:30 AM

When I start thinking about DML (digital media and learning) and other such “networks” that I am plugged into, I often get a little confused about what to call them.

Networks: What You Don’t See is What You (for)Get - Read More…

The Embodiment of the Right to Privacy within Domestic Legislation

by Tanvi Mani — last modified Aug 19, 2014 03:48 AM

The Right to Privacy is a pivotal construct, essential to the actualization of justice, fairness and equity within any democratic society. It is an instrument used to secure the boundaries of an individual’s personal space, in his interaction with not only the rest of society but also the State.

The Embodiment of the Right to Privacy within Domestic Legislation - Read More…

Net Neutrality, Free Speech and the Indian Constitution - II

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Apr 29, 2014 07:42 AM

In this 3 part series, Gautam Bhatia explores the concept of net neutrality in the context of Indian law and the Indian Constitution.

Net Neutrality, Free Speech and the Indian Constitution - II - Read More…

NETmundial Day 2

by Achal Prabhala — last modified Apr 25, 2014 04:58 AM

Fadi Chehade, the ICANN boss, closed NETmundial 2014 with these words "In Africa we say if you want to go first, go alone, but if you want to go far, go together." He should have added: And if you want to go nowhere, go multi-stakeholder.

NETmundial Day 2 - Read More…

NETmundial: Tracking *Multistakeholder* across Contributions

by Sumandro Chattapadhyay — last modified Apr 25, 2014 09:53 AM

This set of analysis of the contributions submitted to NETmundial 2014 is part of the effort by the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India, to enable productive discussions of the critical internet governance issues at the meeting and elsewhere.

NETmundial: Tracking *Multistakeholder* across Contributions - Read More…

Brazil passes Marco Civil; the US-FCC Alters its Stance on Net Neutrality

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Apr 24, 2014 10:05 AM

Hopes for the Internet rise and fall rapidly. Yesterday, on April 23, 2014, Marco Civil da Internet, the Brazilian Bill of Internet rights, was passed by the Brazilian Senate into law.

Brazil passes Marco Civil; the US-FCC Alters its Stance on Net Neutrality - Read More…

NETmundial Day 1

by Achal Prabhala — last modified Apr 24, 2014 09:02 AM

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's speech at the opening of NETmundial in São Paulo was refreshingly free of the UN-speak that characterised virtually every single other presentation this morning. The experience of sitting for five hours in a room where the word "multi-stakeholder" is repeated at the rate of five mentions per minute is not for the faint-hearted; it almost makes you wish for more of the straight-talking tough-love of people like Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt.

NETmundial Day 1 - Read More…

NETmundial Transcript Archive

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Apr 23, 2014 02:31 PM

We are archiving the live transcript from the NETmundial meeting (April 23-24, 2014).

NETmundial Transcript Archive - Read More…

NETmundial Roadmap: Defining the Roles of Stakeholders in Multistakeholderism

by Jyoti Panday — last modified Apr 28, 2014 12:51 PM

NETmundial, one of the most anticipated events in the Internet governance calendar, will see the global community convening at Sao Paolo, with an aim to establish 'strategic guidelines related to the use and development of the Internet in the world.' This post analyses the submissions at NETmundial that focused on Roadmap, towards an understanding of stakeholder roles in relation to specific governance functions and highlighting the political, technical and architectural possibilities that lie ahead.

NETmundial Roadmap: Defining the Roles of Stakeholders in Multistakeholderism - Read More…

NETmundial Day 0

by Achal Prabhala — last modified Apr 23, 2014 10:58 AM

Day O of NETmundial began at Arena NetMundial, an alternative-ish, Brazilian counterpart to the official "multistakeholder" meeting being organised at the very expensive Grand Hyatt. Arena NETmundial began today and will extend until the last day of NETmundial; it's being organised at the very democratic Centro Cultural São Paulo - free to all, no registration required - and offers space for a whole host of organised and spontaneous activity.

NETmundial Day 0 - Read More…

Accountability of ICANN

by Smarika Kumar — last modified May 28, 2014 10:50 AM

The issue of how to ensure the legitimacy and accountability of ICANN is a concern which finds voice in many of the proposals. Four broad stands can be gleaned from the submissions to NETmundial '14 on this issue.

Accountability of ICANN - Read More…

NETmundial - Word Clouds of Contributions by Types of Organisation

by Sumandro Chattapadhyay — last modified Apr 25, 2014 09:51 AM

This set of analysis of the contributions submitted to NETmundial 2014 is part of the effort by the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India, to enable productive discussions of the critical internet governance issues at the meeting and elsewhere.

NETmundial - Word Clouds of Contributions by Types of Organisation - Read More…

NETmundial - Which Countries Have Not Submitted Contributions to NETmundial?

by Sumandro Chattapadhyay — last modified Apr 25, 2014 09:40 AM

This set of analysis of the contributions submitted to NETmundial 2014 is part of the effort by the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India, to enable productive discussions of the critical internet governance issues at the meeting and elsewhere.

NETmundial - Which Countries Have Not Submitted Contributions to NETmundial? - Read More…

NETmundial - Contributions by Types of Organisation

by Sumandro Chattapadhyay — last modified Apr 25, 2014 09:57 AM

This set of analysis of the contributions submitted to NETmundial 2014 is part of the effort by the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India, to enable productive discussions of the critical internet governance issues at the meeting and elsewhere.

NETmundial - Contributions by Types of Organisation - Read More…

NETmundial - Contributions by Countries of Origin

by Sumandro Chattapadhyay — last modified Apr 25, 2014 09:55 AM

This set of analysis of the contributions submitted to NETmundial 2014 is part of the effort by the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India, to enable productive discussions of the critical internet governance issues at the meeting and elsewhere.

NETmundial - Contributions by Countries of Origin - Read More…

NETmundial - Comparing Appearance of Fifty Most Frequent Words

by Sumandro Chattapadhyay — last modified Apr 25, 2014 09:59 AM

This set of analysis of the contributions submitted to NETmundial 2014 is part of the effort by the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India, to enable productive discussions of the critical internet governance issues at the meeting and elsewhere.

NETmundial - Comparing Appearance of Fifty Most Frequent Words - Read More…

Banking Policy Guide

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Apr 22, 2014 08:36 AM

To gain a practical perspective on the existing banking practices and policies in India in this project, an empirical study of five separate and diverse banks has been conducted. The forms, policy documents, and other relevant and available documents of these banks have been analysed in this project.

Banking Policy Guide - Read More…

NETmundial and Suggestions for IANA Administration

by Smarika Kumar — last modified Apr 23, 2014 04:00 AM

Following NTIA's announcement to give up control over critical Internet functions, the discussion on how that role should be filled has gathered steam across the Internet governance space.

NETmundial and Suggestions for IANA Administration - Read More…

Principles for Internet Governance: NETmundial 2014 — What do the Contributions Reveal?

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Apr 23, 2014 04:01 AM

The Global Multi-stakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance (NETmundial) is scheduled for April 23-24, 2014. Towards its stated end of establishing "strategic guidelines related to the use and development of the Internet in the world", NETmundial sought contributions from stakeholders around the world on two topics: (1) Set of Internet governance principles; (2) Roadmaps for the further evolution of the Internet governance system.

Principles for Internet Governance: NETmundial 2014 — What do the Contributions Reveal? - Read More…

South African Protection of Personal Information Act, 2013

by Divij Joshi — last modified May 05, 2014 06:59 AM

As the rapid spread of technology in developing countries allows exponentially increasing availability of and access to personal data through automatic data processing, governments are beginning to recognize the necessity to evolve policies addressing data security and privacy concerns.

South African Protection of Personal Information Act, 2013 - Read More…

Privacy Law in India: A Muddled Field - I

Privacy Law in India: A Muddled Field - I

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified May 05, 2014 06:17 AM

The absence of a statute expressing the legislative will of a democracy to forge a common understanding of privacy is a matter of concern, says BHAIRAV ACHARYA in the first of a two part series.

Privacy Law in India: A Muddled Field - I - Read More…

Very Big Brother

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Apr 14, 2014 11:39 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society, the organization I work for, currently serves on a committee established by the Government of India's Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology in January 2013. The committee has been charged with preparing a report on the draft Human DNA Profiling Bill.

Very Big Brother - Read More…

Report of the Group of Experts on Privacy vs. The Leaked 2014 Privacy Bill

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Apr 14, 2014 06:10 AM

Following our previous post comparing the leaked 2014 Privacy Bill with the leaked 2011 Privacy Bill, this post will compare the recommendations provided in the Report of the Group of Experts on Privacy by the Justice AP Shah Committee to the text of the leaked 2014 Privacy Bill. Below is an analysis of recommendations from the Report that are incorporated in the text of the Bill, and recommendations in the Report that are not incorporated in the text of the Bill.

Report of the Group of Experts on Privacy vs. The Leaked 2014 Privacy Bill - Read More…

Net Neutrality, Free Speech and the Indian Constitution - I

by Gautam Bhatia — last modified Apr 29, 2014 08:03 AM

In this post, I will explore net neutrality in the context of Indian law and the Indian Constitution.

Net Neutrality, Free Speech and the Indian Constitution - I - Read More…

Who Governs the Internet? Implications for Freedom and National Security

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Apr 05, 2014 04:23 PM

The second half of last year has been quite momentous for Internet governance thanks to Edward Snowden. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff became aware that they were targets of US surveillance for economic not security reasons. They protested loudly.

Who Governs the Internet? Implications for Freedom and National Security - Read More…

Between the Local and the Global: Notes Towards Thinking the Nature of Internet Policy

Between the Local and the Global: Notes Towards Thinking the Nature of Internet Policy

by Nishant Shah — last modified Apr 04, 2014 03:49 AM

This post by Nishant Shah is part of a series related to the 2014 Milton Wolf Seminar on Media and Diplomacy: The Third Man Theme Revisited: Foreign Policies of the Internet in a Time Of Surveillance and Disclosure, which takes place in Vienna, Austria from March 30 – April 1, 2014.

Between the Local and the Global: Notes Towards Thinking the Nature of Internet Policy - Read More…

Marco Civil da Internet: Brazil’s ‘Internet Constitution’

by Geetha Hariharan — last modified Jun 19, 2014 10:38 AM

On March 25, 2014, Brazil's lower house of parliament passed bill no. 2126/2011, popularly known as Marco Civil da Internet. The Marco Civil is a charter of Internet user-rights and service provider responsibilities, committed to freedom of speech and expression, privacy, and accessibility and openness of the Internet. In this post, the author looks at the pros and cons of the bill.

Marco Civil da Internet: Brazil’s ‘Internet Constitution’ - Read More…

Leaked Privacy Bill: 2014 vs. 2011

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Apr 01, 2014 10:52 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society has recently received a leaked version of the draft Privacy Bill 2014 that the Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India has drafted.

Leaked Privacy Bill: 2014 vs. 2011 - Read More…

Intermediary Liability Resources

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 03, 2014 06:45 AM

We bring you a list of intermediary resources as part of research on internet governance. This blog post will be updated on an ongoing basis.

Intermediary Liability Resources - Read More…

The Age of Shame

The Age of Shame

by Nishant Shah — last modified Apr 04, 2014 04:05 AM

The ability to capture private images is breeding a dangerous form of digital shaming. Within the online space, where wonderments often run rife, and conspiracy theories travel at the speed of light, there are many dark recesses where netizens half-jokingly, self-referentially, in a spirit of part-truth, part-exaggeration, often wonder on what the real reason is for the internet to exist.

The Age of Shame - Read More…

CIS Statement at ICANN 49's Public Forum

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jun 04, 2014 05:31 AM

This was a statement made by Pranesh Prakash at the ICANN 49 meeting (on March 27, 2014), arguing that ICANN's bias towards the North America and Western Europe result in a lack of legitimacy, and hoping that the IANA transition process provides an opportunity to address this.

CIS Statement at ICANN 49's Public Forum - Read More…

European Union Draft Report Admonishes Mass Surveillance, Calls for Stricter Data Protection and Privacy Laws

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Apr 04, 2014 09:39 AM

Ever since the release of the “Snowden files”, the secret documents evidencing the massive scale of surveillance undertaken by America’s National Security Agency and publically released by whistle-blower Edward Snowden, surveillance in the digital age has come to the fore of the global debate on internet governance and privacy.

European Union Draft Report Admonishes Mass Surveillance, Calls for Stricter Data Protection and Privacy Laws - Read More…

Privacy worries cloud Facebook's WhatsApp Deal

Privacy worries cloud Facebook's WhatsApp Deal

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Mar 20, 2014 05:59 AM

Privacy activists in the United States have asked the competition regulator or the Federal Trade Commission to put on hold Facebook's acquisition of WhatsApp. Why have they done this when Facebook has promised to leave WhatsApp untouched as a standalone app?

Privacy worries cloud Facebook's WhatsApp Deal - Read More…

Net Neutrality and Privacy

by Divij Joshi — last modified Mar 20, 2014 05:01 AM

The highly contentious and polarising debate on net-neutrality will have a large impact on shaping the future of the internet and ultimately on the users of the internet. One important issue which needs to be prioritized while debating the necessity or desirability of a legal regime which advocates net-neutrality is its implication on privacy.

Net Neutrality and Privacy - Read More…

NTIA to give up control of the Internet's root

NTIA to give up control of the Internet's root

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Mar 18, 2014 06:21 PM

On Friday evening the U.S. government's National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced that it was setting into motion a transition to give up a few powers that it holds over some core Internet functions, and that this would happen by September 2015. Pranesh Prakash provides a brief response to that announcement.

NTIA to give up control of the Internet's root - Read More…

New Standard Operating Procedures for Lawful Interception and Monitoring

by Divij Joshi — last modified Mar 20, 2014 05:13 AM

Government issues new guidelines to TSP’s to assist Lawful Interception and Monitoring.

New Standard Operating Procedures for Lawful Interception and Monitoring - Read More…

Comparison of Section 35(1) of the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill and Section 4 of the Identification Act Revised Statute of Canada

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 03, 2014 08:20 AM

A comparison of section 35(1) of the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill, section 4 of the Identification Act, Revised Statute of Canada, and a review of international best practices.

Comparison of Section 35(1) of the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill and Section 4 of the Identification Act Revised Statute of Canada - Read More…

Big Democracy, Big Surveillance: India's Surveillance State

by Maria Xynou — last modified Feb 28, 2014 10:35 AM

In India, surveillance is on the rise by the state to tackle crime and terrorism, and private companies are eager to meet the demand.

Big Democracy, Big Surveillance: India's Surveillance State - Read More…

Surveillance and the Indian Constitution - Part 3: The Public/Private Distinction and the Supreme Court’s Wrong Turn

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Mar 06, 2014 11:02 PM

After its decision in Gobind, the Supreme Court's privacy floodgates opened; a series of claims involving private parties came before its docket, and the resulting jurisprudence ended up creating confusion between state-individual surveillance, and individual-individual surveillance.

Surveillance and the Indian Constitution - Part 3: The Public/Private Distinction and the Supreme Court’s Wrong Turn - Read More…

Open Call for Comments: The Privacy Protection Bill 2013 drafted by the Centre for Internet and Society

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Feb 25, 2014 05:38 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society is announcing an Open Call for Comments to the CIS Privacy Protection Bill 2013.

Open Call for Comments: The Privacy Protection Bill 2013 drafted by the Centre for Internet and Society - Read More…

CIS Welcomes 52nd Report on Cyber Crime, Cyber Security, and Right to Privacy

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Feb 24, 2014 10:49 AM

The “Fifty Second Report on Cyber Crime, Cyber Security, and Right to Privacy” issued by the 2013 -2014 Standing Committee on Information Technology on February 12th 2014, highlights the urgent need for reform in India’s cyber security framework and the need for the much awaited privacy legislation to be finalized and made into a law.

CIS Welcomes 52nd Report on Cyber Crime, Cyber Security, and Right to Privacy - Read More…

Calcutta High Court Strengthens Whistle Blower Protection

by Divij Joshi — last modified Feb 24, 2014 06:38 AM

Calcutta High Court has ordered for protection of whistle blower's privacy in its November 20, 2013 order. The court has directed the government to accept RTI applications without the applicant's personal details.

Calcutta High Court Strengthens Whistle Blower Protection - Read More…

Will You be Paid to Post a Picture?

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 06, 2014 11:58 AM

The wave of free information production on the web is on the wane.

Will You be Paid to Post a Picture? - Read More…

The Internet Way

by Nishant Shah — last modified Feb 14, 2014 06:59 AM

Dr. Nishant Shah's review of the book “The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon” by Bantam Press/Random House Group, London was published in Biblio Vol. 19 No.8 (1&2), January – February 2014.

The Internet Way - Read More…

February 11: The Day We Fight Back Against Mass Surveillance

February 11: The Day We Fight Back Against Mass Surveillance

by Divij Joshi — last modified Feb 14, 2014 06:00 AM

The expansive surveillance being perpetuated by governments and corporations is the single biggest threat to individual liberties in the digital age.

February 11: The Day We Fight Back Against Mass Surveillance - Read More…

Video Games: A Case Study of a Cross-cultural Video Collaboration

by Larissa Hjorth and Nishant Shah — last modified Jan 31, 2014 12:02 PM

A new book focusing on Palestinian artists’ video, edited by Bashir Makhoul and published by Palestinian Art Court- al Hoash, 2013, includes a chapter co-authored by Larissa Hjorth and Nishant Shah.

Video Games: A Case Study of a Cross-cultural Video Collaboration - Read More…

India's Central Monitoring System (CMS): Something to Worry About?

India's Central Monitoring System (CMS): Something to Worry About?

by Maria Xynou — last modified Feb 22, 2014 01:50 PM

In this article, Maria Xynou presents new information about India's controversial Central Monitoring System (CMS) based on official documents which were shared with the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS). Read this article and gain an insight on how the CMS actually works!

India's Central Monitoring System (CMS): Something to Worry About? - Read More…

Making the Powerful Accountable

Making the Powerful Accountable

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Jan 30, 2014 06:43 AM

If powerful figures are not subjected to transparent court proceedings, the opacity in the face of a critical issue is likely to undermine public faith in the judiciary.

Making the Powerful Accountable - Read More…

Surveillance and the Indian Constitution - Part 2: Gobind and the Compelling State Interest Test

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 27, 2014 06:03 PM

Gautam Bhatia analyses the first case in which the Supreme Court recognized a constitutional right to privacy, Gobind v. State of Madhya Pradesh, and argues that the holding in that case adopted the three-pronged American test of strict scrutiny, compelling State interest, and narrow tailoring in its approach to privacy violations.

Surveillance and the Indian Constitution - Part 2: Gobind and the Compelling State Interest Test - Read More…

Interview with Mathew Thomas from the Say No to UID campaign - UID Court Cases

Interview with Mathew Thomas from the Say No to UID campaign - UID Court Cases

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jan 27, 2014 12:47 PM

The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) recently interviewed Mathew Thomas from the Say No to UID campaign about his ongoing efforts to challenge the UID scheme legally in the Bangalore High Court and Supreme Court of India. Read this interview and gain an interesting insight on recent legal developments with regards to the UID!

Interview with Mathew Thomas from the Say No to UID campaign - UID Court Cases - Read More…

GNI Assessment Finds ICT Companies Protect User Privacy and Freedom of Expression

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jan 20, 2014 06:17 AM

Elonnai Hickok analyses a public report recently published by GNI on the independent assessment process for Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo. The report finds Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo to be in compliance with the GNI principles on privacy and freedom of expression.

GNI Assessment Finds ICT Companies Protect User Privacy and Freedom of Expression - Read More…

Electoral Databases – Privacy and Security Concerns

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Jan 16, 2014 11:07 AM

In this blogpost, Snehashish Ghosh analyzes privacy and security concerns which have surfaced with the digitization, centralization and standardization of the electoral database and argues that even though the law provides the scope for protection of electoral databases, the State has not taken any steps to ensure its safety.

Electoral Databases – Privacy and Security Concerns - Read More…

Surveillance and the Indian Constitution - Part 1: Foundations

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 23, 2014 03:12 PM

In this insightful seven-part series, Gautam Bhatia looks at surveillance and the right to privacy in India from a constitutional perspective, tracing its genealogy through Supreme Court case law and compares it with the law in the USA.

Surveillance and the Indian Constitution - Part 1: Foundations - Read More…

Letter requesting public consultation on position of GoI at WGEC

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Jan 08, 2014 06:36 PM

Snehashish Ghosh on behalf of the Centre for Internet and Society sent a letter to the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, requesting for a public consultation on India's position at the Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation (WGEC).

Letter requesting public consultation on position of GoI at WGEC - Read More…

Big Brother is watching you

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Jan 06, 2014 09:31 AM

India has no requirements of transparency whether in the form of disclosing the quantum of interception or in the form of notification to people whose communication was intercepted.

Big Brother is watching you - Read More…

India's Identity Crisis

by Malavika Jayaram — last modified Jan 09, 2014 07:56 AM

Malavika Jayaram's article was published in 2013 Internet Monitor Annual Report: Reflections on the Digital World, published by Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society.

India's Identity Crisis - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 13) - Pranesh Prakash

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jan 20, 2014 06:20 AM

CIS interviews Pranesh Prakash, lawyer and policy director with Centre for Internet and Society, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 13) - Pranesh Prakash - Read More…

Can Bitcoin Be Banned by the Indian Government?

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 24, 2013 10:09 PM

In this paper, Vipul Kharbanda analyses the laws and regulations that apply to Bitcoin in India, and comes to the conclusion that the government has wide powers that it can exercise, if it wishes, to regulate Bitcoin. Given the lack of existing legal and regulatory analysis on this issue in India, we greatly welcome comments on this issue.

Can Bitcoin Be Banned by the Indian Government? - Read More…

Brochures from Expos on Smart Cards, e-Security, RFID & Biometrics in India

by Maria Xynou — last modified Dec 26, 2013 05:24 AM

Electronics Today organised a series of expos on smart cards, e-security, RFID and biometric technology in Delhi on 16-18 October 2013. The Centre for Internet and Society is sharing the brochures it collected from these public expos for research purposes.

Brochures from Expos on Smart Cards, e-Security, RFID & Biometrics in India - Read More…

Misuse of Surveillance Powers in India (Case 1)

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 06, 2013 09:37 AM

In this series of blog posts, Pranesh Prakash looks at a brief history of misuse of surveillance powers in India. He notes that the government's surveillance powers have been freqently misused, very often without any kind of judicial or political redressal. This, he argues, should lead us as concerned citizens to demand a scaling down of the government's surveillance powers and pass laws to put it place more robust oversight mechanisms.

Misuse of Surveillance Powers in India (Case 1) - Read More…

I Just Pinged to Say Hello

by Nishant Shah — last modified Nov 30, 2013 08:36 AM

A host of social networks find us more connected than ever before, but leave us groping for words in the digital space.

I Just Pinged to Say Hello - Read More…

CIS Supports the UN Resolution on “The Right to Privacy in the Digital age”.

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Nov 30, 2013 07:25 AM

The United Nations adopted the resolution on the right to privacy recently. It recognised privacy as a human right, integral to the right to free expression, and also declared that mass surveillance could have negative impacts on human rights.

CIS Supports the UN Resolution on “The Right to Privacy in the Digital age”. - Read More…

Seventh Privacy Round-table

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Nov 20, 2013 09:58 AM

On October 19, 2013, the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) in collaboration with the Federation for Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, the Data Security Council of India, and Privacy International held a “Privacy Round-table” in New Delhi at the FICCI Federation House.

Seventh Privacy Round-table - Read More…

Why 'Facebook' is More Dangerous than the Government Spying on You

Why 'Facebook' is More Dangerous than the Government Spying on You

by Maria Xynou — last modified Nov 23, 2013 08:38 AM

In this article, Maria Xynou looks at state and corporate surveillance in India and analyzes why our "choice" to hand over our personal data can potentially be more harmful than traditional, top-down, state surveillance. Read this article and perhaps reconsider your "choice" to use social networking sites, such as Facebook.

Why 'Facebook' is More Dangerous than the Government Spying on You - Read More…

First Look: CIS Cybersecurity documentary film

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Dec 17, 2013 08:16 AM

CIS presents the trailer of its documentary film DesiSec: Cybersecurity & Civil Society in India

First Look: CIS Cybersecurity documentary film - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 12) - Namita Malhotra

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Nov 18, 2013 10:03 AM

CIS interviews Namita Malhotra, researcher and lawyer at Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 12) - Namita Malhotra - Read More…

Interview with Caspar Bowden - Privacy Advocate and former Chief Privacy Adviser at Microsoft

Interview with Caspar Bowden - Privacy Advocate and former Chief Privacy Adviser at Microsoft

by Maria Xynou — last modified Nov 06, 2013 08:16 AM

Maria Xynou recently interviewed Caspar Bowden, an internationally renowned privacy advocate and former Chief Privacy Adviser at Microsoft. Read this exciting interview and gain an insight on India's UID and CMS schemes, on the export of surveillance technologies, on how we can protect our data in light of mass surveillance and much much more!

Interview with Caspar Bowden - Privacy Advocate and former Chief Privacy Adviser at Microsoft - Read More…

Open Secrets

by Nishant Shah — last modified Nov 30, 2013 08:21 AM

We need to think of privacy in different ways — not only as something that happens between people, but between you and corporations.

Open Secrets - Read More…

Mapping Digital Media: Broadcasting, Journalism and Activism in India: A Public Consultation

Mapping Digital Media: Broadcasting, Journalism and Activism in India: A Public Consultation

by Samantha Cassar — last modified Nov 07, 2013 03:38 AM

Lawyers, researchers, journalists and activists gathered on Sunday, October 27, 2013 at the Bangalore International Centre in response to India’s country report on Mapping Digital Media, which examines citizen’s access to quality news and information across different industries, and impacts on media freedoms as a result of digitisation. Respondents examined themes related to regulation, journalism and activism, and engaging discussions took place among attendees.

Mapping Digital Media: Broadcasting, Journalism and Activism in India: A Public Consultation - Read More…

Spy Files 3: WikiLeaks Sheds More Light On The Global Surveillance Industry

Spy Files 3: WikiLeaks Sheds More Light On The Global Surveillance Industry

by Maria Xynou — last modified Nov 14, 2013 04:21 PM

In this article, Maria Xynou looks at WikiLeaks' latest Spy Files and examines the legality of India's surveillance technologies, as well as their potential connection with India's Central Monitoring System (CMS) and implications on human rights.

Spy Files 3: WikiLeaks Sheds More Light On The Global Surveillance Industry - Read More…

What India can Learn from the Snowden Revelations

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 25, 2013 07:29 AM

Big Brother is watching, across cyberspace and international borders. Meanwhile, the Indian government has few safeguards in theory and fewer in practice. There’s no telling how prevalent or extensive Indian surveillance really is.

What India can Learn from the Snowden Revelations - Read More…

An Interview with Jacob Kohnstamm, Dutch Data Protection Authority and Chairman of the Article 29 Working Party

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 25, 2013 04:50 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society interviewed Jacob Kohnstamm, Dutch Data Protection Authority and Chairman of the Article 29 Working Party.

An Interview with Jacob Kohnstamm, Dutch Data Protection Authority and Chairman of the Article 29 Working Party - Read More…

Interview with Dr. Alexander Dix - Berlin Data Protection and Freedom of Information Commissioner

Interview with Dr. Alexander Dix - Berlin Data Protection and Freedom of Information Commissioner

by Maria Xynou — last modified Nov 06, 2013 09:29 AM

Maria Xynou recently interviewed Berlin's Data Protection and Freedom of Information Commissioner: Dr. Alexander Dix. View this interview and gain an insight on recommendations for better data protection in India!

Interview with Dr. Alexander Dix - Berlin Data Protection and Freedom of Information Commissioner - Read More…

Open Letter to Members of the European Parliament of the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 23, 2013 05:00 AM

An open letter was sent to the Members of the European Parliament of the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee on the proposed EU Regulation. The letter was apart of an initiative that Privacy International and a number of other NGO's are undertaking.

Open Letter to Members of the European Parliament of the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee - Read More…

Tweets from Bali IGF 2013

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Oct 28, 2013 09:09 AM

CIS is logging all tweets with the words "igf2013", "igf13", "igf", "bestbits", and "genderit" during the Intenet Governance Forum going on in the Bali this week, and making it available in downloadable files.

Tweets from Bali IGF 2013 - Read More…

Interview with the Tactical Technology Collective on Privacy and Surveillance

Interview with the Tactical Technology Collective on Privacy and Surveillance

by Maria Xynou — last modified Oct 18, 2013 09:56 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society recently interviewed Anne Roth from the Tactical Technology Collective in Berlin. View this interview and gain an insight on why we should all "have something to hide"!

Interview with the Tactical Technology Collective on Privacy and Surveillance - Read More…

Interview with Bruce Schneier - Internationally Renowned Security Technologist

Interview with Bruce Schneier - Internationally Renowned Security Technologist

by Maria Xynou — last modified Oct 17, 2013 08:54 AM

Maria Xynou recently interviewed Bruce Schneier on privacy and surveillance. View this interview and gain an insight on why we should all "have something to hide"!

Interview with Bruce Schneier - Internationally Renowned Security Technologist - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 11) - Anja Kovacs

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Oct 15, 2013 03:25 PM

CIS interviews Anja Kovacs, researcher and activist, and director of the Internet Democracy, Project as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 11) - Anja Kovacs - Read More…

Interview with Big Brother Watch on Privacy and Surveillance

Interview with Big Brother Watch on Privacy and Surveillance

by Maria Xynou — last modified Oct 15, 2013 02:24 PM

Maria Xynou interviewed Emma Carr, the Deputy Director of Big Brother Watch, on privacy and surveillance. View this interview and gain an insight on why we should all "have something to hide"!

Interview with Big Brother Watch on Privacy and Surveillance - Read More…

Concerns Regarding DNA Law

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Oct 29, 2013 10:09 AM

Recently, a long government process to draft a law to permit the collection, processing, profiling, use and storage of human DNA is nearing conclusion. There are several concerns with this government effort. Below, we present broad-level issues to be kept in mind while dealing with DNA law.

Concerns Regarding DNA Law - Read More…

The India Privacy Monitor Map

The India Privacy Monitor Map

by Maria Xynou — last modified Oct 09, 2013 04:26 PM

The Centre for Internet and Society has started the first Privacy Watch in India! Check out our map which includes data on the UID, NPR and CCTNS schemes, as well as on the installation of CCTV cameras and the use of drones throughout the country.

The India Privacy Monitor Map - Read More…

Re: The Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2012

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Oct 29, 2013 10:00 AM

This short note speaks to legal issues arising from the proposed Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2012 ("DBT Bill") that was circulated drafted under the aegis of the Department of Biotechnology of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, which seeks to collect human DNA samples, profile them and store them. These comments are made clause-by-clause against the DBT Bill.

Re: The Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2012 - Read More…

An Analysis of the Cases Filed under Section 46 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 for Adjudication in the State of Maharashtra

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Oct 01, 2013 03:29 PM

This is a brief review of some of the cases related to privacy filed under section 46 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 ("the Act") seeking adjudication for alleged contraventions of the Act in the State of Maharashtra.

An Analysis of the Cases Filed under Section 46 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 for Adjudication in the State of Maharashtra - Read More…

A Privacy Meeting with the Federal Trade Commission in New Delhi

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 03, 2013 10:25 AM

On September 20, the Centre for Internet and Society held a roundtable meeting with Betsy Broder, Counsel for International Consumer Protection, and Sarah Schroeder, Attorney, Bureau of Consumer Protection, Federal Trade Commission (FTC), United States. The meeting took place at the Imperial, Janpath, New Delhi and discussed both the U.S framework to privacy and potential frameworks and challenges to privacy in India.

A Privacy Meeting with the Federal Trade Commission in New Delhi - Read More…

Privacy (Protection) Bill, 2013: Updated Third Draft

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Oct 01, 2013 12:25 PM

The Centre for Internet and Society has been researching privacy in India since 2010 with the objective of raising public awareness around privacy, completing in depth research, and driving a privacy legislation in India. As part of this work, we drafted the Privacy (Protection) Bill, 2013.

Privacy (Protection) Bill, 2013: Updated Third Draft - Read More…

The National Cyber Security Policy: Not a Real Policy

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Sep 25, 2013 09:49 AM

Cyber security in India is still a nascent field without an organised law and policy framework. Several actors participate in and are affected by India's still inchoate cyber security regime. The National Cyber Security Policy (NCSP) presented the government and other stakeholders with an opportune moment to understand existing legal limitations before devising a future framework. Unfortunately, the NCSP's poor drafting and meaningless provisions do not advance the field.

The National Cyber Security Policy: Not a Real Policy - Read More…

CIS and International Coalition Calls upon Governments to Protect Privacy

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Sep 25, 2013 07:21 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) along with the International Coalition has called upon governments across the globe to protect privacy.

CIS and International Coalition Calls upon Governments to Protect Privacy - Read More…

The Central Monitoring System: Some Questions to be Raised in Parliament

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Sep 25, 2013 10:30 AM

The following are some model questions to be raised in the Parliament regarding the lack of transparency in the central monitoring system.

The Central Monitoring System: Some Questions to be Raised in Parliament - Read More…

The National Privacy Roundtable Meetings

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Mar 21, 2014 10:03 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society ("CIS"), the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry ("FICCI"), the Data Security Council of India ("DSCI") and Privacy International are, in partnership, conducting a series of national privacy roundtable meetings across India from April to October 2013. The roundtable meetings are designed to discuss possible frameworks to privacy in India.

The National Privacy Roundtable Meetings - Read More…

Transparency Reports — A Glance on What Google and Facebook Tell about Government Data Requests

by Prachi Arya — last modified Sep 13, 2013 09:44 AM

Transparency Reports are a step towards greater accountability but how efficacious are they really?

Transparency Reports — A Glance on What Google and Facebook Tell about Government Data Requests - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 10) - Lawrence Liang

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Sep 10, 2013 08:31 AM

CIS interviews Lawrence Liang, researcher and lawyer, and co-founder of Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 10) - Lawrence Liang - Read More…

Privacy Law Must Fit the Bill

Privacy Law Must Fit the Bill

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Sep 12, 2013 06:25 AM

The process of updating Indian privacy policy has gained momentum ever since the launch of the UID project and also the leak of the Radia tapes. The Department of Personnel and Training has lead the drafting of privacy bill for the last three years. This bill will ideally articulate privacy principles and establish the office of the privacy commissioner and most importantly have an over-riding effect over 50 odd existing laws, rules and policies with privacy implications.

Privacy Law Must Fit the Bill - Read More…

An Interview with Suresh Ramasubramanian

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Sep 06, 2013 09:37 AM

Suresh Ramasubramanian is the ICS Quality Representative - IBM SmartCloud at IBM. We from the Centre for Internet and Society conducted an interview on cybersecurity and issues in the Cloud.

An Interview with Suresh Ramasubramanian - Read More…

Report on the Sixth Privacy Roundtable Meeting, New Delhi

Report on the Sixth Privacy Roundtable Meeting, New Delhi

by Prachi Arya — last modified Aug 30, 2013 03:04 PM

In 2013 the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) drafted the Privacy Protection Bill as a citizens' version of a privacy legislation for India. Since April 2013, CIS has been holding Privacy Roundtables in collaboration with Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and DSCI, with the objective of gaining public feedback to the Privacy Protection Bill and other possible frameworks for privacy in India. The following is a report on the Sixth Privacy Roundtable held in New Delhi on August 24, 2013.

Report on the Sixth Privacy Roundtable Meeting, New Delhi - Read More…

Out of the Bedroom

Out of the Bedroom

by Nishant Shah — last modified Sep 06, 2013 08:32 AM

We have shared it with our friends. We have watched it with our lovers. We have discussed it with our children and talked about it with our partners. It is in our bedrooms, hidden in sock drawers. It is in our laptops, in a folder marked "Miscellaneous". It is in our cellphones and tablets, protected under passwords. It is the biggest reason why people have learned to clean their browsing history and cookies from their browsers.

Out of the Bedroom - Read More…

Freedom from Monitoring: India Inc Should Push For Privacy Laws

Freedom from Monitoring: India Inc Should Push For Privacy Laws

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Aug 21, 2013 07:04 AM

More surveillance than absolutely necessary actually undermines the security objective.

Freedom from Monitoring: India Inc Should Push For Privacy Laws - Read More…

FinFisher in India and the Myth of Harmless Metadata

FinFisher in India and the Myth of Harmless Metadata

by Maria Xynou — last modified Aug 13, 2013 11:30 AM

In this article, Maria Xynou argues that metadata is anything but harmless, especially since FinFisher — one of the world's most controversial types of spyware — uses metadata to target individuals.

FinFisher in India and the Myth of Harmless Metadata - Read More…

Ethical Issues in Open Data

by Kovey Coles — last modified Aug 07, 2013 09:19 AM

On August 1, 2013, I took part in a web meeting, organized and hosted by Tim Davies of the World Wide Web foundation. The meeting, titled “Ethical issues in Open Data,” had an agenda focused around privacy considerations in the context of the open data movement.

Ethical Issues in Open Data - Read More…

'Ethical Hacker' Saket Modi Calls for Stronger Cyber Security Discussions

by Kovey Coles — last modified Aug 05, 2013 01:11 PM

Twenty-two year old Saket Modi is the CEO and co-founder of Lucideus, a leading cyber security company in India which claims to have worked with 4 out of 5 top global e-commerce companies, 4 out of 10 top IT companies in the world, and 3 out of 5 top banks of the Asia Pacific.

'Ethical Hacker' Saket Modi Calls for Stronger Cyber Security Discussions - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 9) - Saikat Datta

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Aug 05, 2013 05:24 AM

CIS interviews Saikat Datta, Resident Editor of DNA, Delhi, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 9) - Saikat Datta - Read More…

Guidelines for the Protection of National Critical Information Infrastructure: How Much Regulation?

by Jonathan Diamond — last modified Aug 01, 2013 04:48 AM

July has been a busy month for cyber security in India. Beginning with the release of the country’s first National Cyber Security Policy on July 2 and followed just this past week by a set of guidelines for the protection of national critical information infrastructure (CII) developed under the direction of the National Technical Research Organization (NTRO), India has made respectable progress in its thinking on national cyber security.

Guidelines for the Protection of National Critical Information Infrastructure: How Much Regulation? - Read More…

More than a Hundred Global Groups Make a Principled Stand against Surveillance

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 31, 2013 02:26 PM

For some time now there has been a need to update understandings of existing human rights law to reflect modern surveillance technologies and techniques.

More than a Hundred Global Groups Make a Principled Stand against Surveillance - Read More…

India's National Cyber Security Policy in Review

by Jonathan Diamond — last modified Jul 31, 2013 10:40 AM

Earlier this month, the Department of Electronics and Information Technology released India’s first National Cyber Security Policy. Years in the making, the Policy sets high goals for cyber security in India and covers a wide range of topics, from institutional frameworks for emergency response to indigenous capacity building.

India's National Cyber Security Policy in Review - Read More…

The Audacious ‘Right to Be Forgotten’

by Kovey Coles — last modified Jul 31, 2013 10:08 AM

There has long been speculation over the permanency of our online presence. Posting about excessively-personal details, commenting in a way which is later embarrassing, being caught in unflattering public photos; to our chagrin, all of these unfortunate situations often persist on the web, and can continue to haunt us in future years.

The Audacious ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ - Read More…

Report on the 5th Privacy Round Table meeting

Report on the 5th Privacy Round Table meeting

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 26, 2013 08:24 AM

This report entails an overview of the discussions and recommendations of the fifth Privacy Round Table in Calcutta, on 13th July 2013.

Report on the 5th Privacy Round Table meeting - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 8) - Jeff Moss

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 30, 2013 09:25 AM

CIS interviews Jeff Moss, Chief Security Officer for ICANN, as part of the Cybersecurity Series.

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 8) - Jeff Moss - Read More…

You Have the Right to Remain Silent

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jul 22, 2013 06:59 AM

Reflecting upon the state of freedom of speech and expression in India, in the wake of the shut-down of the political satire website narendramodiplans.com.

You Have the Right to Remain Silent - Read More…

Parsing the Cyber Security Policy

Parsing the Cyber Security Policy

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Jul 22, 2013 06:37 AM

An effective cyber-security policy must keep up with the rapid evolution of technology, and must never become obsolete. The standard-setting and review bodies will therefore need to be very nimble, says Chinmayi Arun.

Parsing the Cyber Security Policy - Read More…

CII Conference on "ACT": Achieve Cyber Security Together"

by Kovey Coles — last modified Jul 26, 2013 08:17 AM

The Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) organized a conference on facing cyber threats and challenges at Hotel Hilton in Chennai on July 13, 2013. Kovey Coles attended this conference and shares a summary of the event in this blog post.

CII Conference on "ACT": Achieve Cyber Security Together" - Read More…

DSCI Best Practices Meet 2013

by Kovey Coles — last modified Jul 26, 2013 08:18 AM

The DSCI Best Practices Meet 2013 was organized on July 12, 2013 at Hyatt Regency, Anna Salai in Chennai. Kovey Coles attended the meet and shares a summary of the happenings in this blog post.

DSCI Best Practices Meet 2013 - Read More…

Interview with Mr. Reijo Aarnio - Finnish Data Protection Ombudsman

Interview with Mr. Reijo Aarnio - Finnish Data Protection Ombudsman

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 19, 2013 01:02 PM

Maria Xynou recently interviewed Mr. Reijo Aarnio, the Finnish Data Protection Ombudsman, at the CIS' 5th Privacy Round Table. View this interview and gain an insight on recommendations for better data protection in India!

Interview with Mr. Reijo Aarnio - Finnish Data Protection Ombudsman - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 7) - Jochem de Groot

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 30, 2013 09:26 AM

CIS interviews Jochem de Groot, former policy advisor to the Netherlands government, as part of the Cybersecurity Series

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 7) - Jochem de Groot - Read More…

Can India Trust Its Government on Privacy?

Can India Trust Its Government on Privacy?

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jul 15, 2013 10:35 AM

In response to criticisms of the Centralized Monitoring System, India’s new surveillance program, the government could contend that merely having the capability to engage in mass surveillance won’t mean that it will. Officials will argue that they will still abide by the law and will ensure that each instance of interception will be authorized.

Can India Trust Its Government on Privacy? - Read More…

How Surveillance Works in India

How Surveillance Works in India

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jul 15, 2013 10:20 AM

When the Indian government announced it would start a Centralized Monitoring System in 2009 to monitor telecommunications in the country, the public seemed unconcerned. When the government announced that the system, also known as C.M.S., commenced in April, the news didn’t receive much attention.

How Surveillance Works in India - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 6) - Lhadon Tethong

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Aug 01, 2013 09:54 AM

CIS interviews Lhadon Tethong, Tibetan human rights activist, as part of the Cybersecurity Series

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 6) - Lhadon Tethong - Read More…

Moving Towards a Surveillance State

by Srinivas Atreya — last modified Jul 15, 2013 05:57 AM

The cyberspace is a modern construct of communication and today, a large part of human activity takes place in cyberspace. It has become the universal platform where business is executed, discourse is conducted and personal information is exchanged. However, the underbelly of the internet is also seen to host activities and persons who are motivated by nefarious intent.

Moving Towards a Surveillance State - Read More…

India:Privacy in Peril

India:Privacy in Peril

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Sep 25, 2013 09:56 AM

The danger of mass surveillance in India is for real. The absence of a regulating law is damning for Indians who want to protect their privacy against the juggernaut of state and private surveillance.

India:Privacy in Peril - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 5) - Amelia Andersdotter

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Aug 01, 2013 09:54 AM

CIS interviews Amelia Andersdotter, member of the European parliament, as part of the Cybersecurity Series

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 5) - Amelia Andersdotter - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 4) - Marietje Schaake

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 12, 2013 10:24 AM

CIS interviews Marietje Schaake, member of the European parliament, as part of the Cybersecurity Series

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 4) - Marietje Schaake - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 3) - Eva Galperin

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Aug 01, 2013 09:55 AM

CIS interviews Eva Galperin, Global Policy Analyst at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 3) - Eva Galperin - Read More…

The Difficult Balance of Transparent Surveillance

by Kovey Coles — last modified Jul 15, 2013 04:23 AM

Is it too much to ask for transparency in data surveillance? On occasion, companies like Microsoft, Facebook, and the other silicon valley giants would say no. When customers join these services, each company provides their own privacy statement which assures customers of the safety and transparency that accompanies their personal data.

The Difficult Balance of Transparent Surveillance - Read More…

Privacy Protection Bill, 2013 (With Amendments based on Public Feedback)

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 10:50 AM

In 2013 CIS drafted the Privacy Protection Bill as a citizens' version of a privacy legislation for India. Since April 2013, CIS has been holding Privacy Roundtables in collaboration with FICCI and DSCI, with the objective of gaining public feedback to the Privacy Protection Bill and other possible frameworks for privacy in India.

Privacy Protection Bill, 2013 (With Amendments based on Public Feedback) - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 2) - Ram Mohan

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 12, 2013 10:27 AM

CIS interviews Ram Mohan, a pioneer in the field of Internet security and internationalization, as part of the Cybersecurity Series

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 2) - Ram Mohan - Read More…

SEBI and Communication Surveillance: New Rules, New Responsibilities?

by Kovey Coles — last modified Jul 12, 2013 10:51 AM

In this blog post, Kovey Coles writes about the activities of the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI), discusses the importance of call data records (CDRs), and throws light on the significant transition in governmental leniency towards access to private records.

SEBI and Communication Surveillance: New Rules, New Responsibilities? - Read More…

The State is Snooping: Can You Escape?

The State is Snooping: Can You Escape?

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Jun 27, 2013 09:02 AM

Blanket surveillance of the kind envisaged by India's Centralized Monitoring System achieves little, but blatantly violates the citizen's right to privacy; Snehashish Ghosh explores why it may be dangerous and looks at potential safeguards against such intrusion.

The State is Snooping: Can You Escape? - Read More…

Open Letter to Prevent the Installation of RFID tags in Vehicles

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 10:59 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) has sent this open letter to the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) to urge them not to intall RFID tags in vehicles in India.

Open Letter to Prevent the Installation of RFID tags in Vehicles - Read More…

Way to watch

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Jul 01, 2013 10:17 AM

The domestic surveillance regime in India lacks adequate safeguards.

Way to watch - Read More…

Report on the 4th Privacy Round Table meeting

Report on the 4th Privacy Round Table meeting

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:04 AM

This report entails an overview of the discussions and recommendations of the fourth Privacy Round Table in Mumbai, on 15th June 2013.

Report on the 4th Privacy Round Table meeting - Read More…

Interview with the Citizen Lab on Internet Filtering in India

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jun 26, 2013 09:47 AM

Maria Xynou recently interviewed Masashi Crete-Nishihata and Jakub Dalek from the Citizen Lab on internet filtering in India. View this interview and gain an insight on Netsweeper and FinFisher!

Interview with the Citizen Lab on Internet Filtering in India - Read More…

Interview with Mr. Billy Hawkes - Irish Data Protection Commissioner

Interview with Mr. Billy Hawkes - Irish Data Protection Commissioner

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:06 AM

Maria Xynou recently interviewed Mr. Billy Hawkes, the Irish Data Protection Commissioner, at the CIS´ 4th Privacy Round Table meeting. View this interview and gain an insight on recommendations for data protection in India!

Interview with Mr. Billy Hawkes - Irish Data Protection Commissioner - Read More…

Open Letter to "Not" Recognize India as Data Secure Nation till Enactment of Privacy Legislation

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:07 AM

India shouldn't be granted the status of "data secure nation" by Europe until it enacts a suitable privacy legislation, points out the Centre for Internet and Society in this open letter.

Open Letter to "Not" Recognize India as Data Secure Nation till Enactment of Privacy Legislation - Read More…

World Wide Rule

World Wide Rule

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jul 01, 2013 10:26 AM

Nishant Shah's review of Schmidt and Cohen's book was published in the Indian Express on June 14, 2013.

World Wide Rule - Read More…

Indian surveillance laws & practices far worse than US

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:09 AM

Explosive would be just the word to describe the revelations by National Security Agency (NSA) whistleblower Edward Snowden.

Indian surveillance laws & practices far worse than US - Read More…

India Subject to NSA Dragnet Surveillance! No Longer a Hypothesis — It is Now Officially Confirmed

India Subject to NSA Dragnet Surveillance! No Longer a Hypothesis — It is Now Officially Confirmed

by Maria Xynou — last modified Nov 06, 2013 10:20 AM

As of last week, it is officially confirmed that the metadata of everyone´s communications is under the NSA´s microscope. In fact, the leaked data shows that India is one of the countries which is under NSA surveillance the most!

India Subject to NSA Dragnet Surveillance! No Longer a Hypothesis — It is Now Officially Confirmed - Read More…

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 1) - Christopher Soghoian

by Purba Sarkar — last modified Jul 12, 2013 10:26 AM

CIS interviews Christopher Soghoian, cybersecurity researcher and activist, as part of the Cybersecurity Series

CIS Cybersecurity Series (Part 1) - Christopher Soghoian - Read More…

A Technological Solution to the Challenges of Online Defamation

by Eduardo Bertoni — last modified Jul 02, 2013 02:47 PM

When people are insulted or humiliated on the Internet and decide to take legal action, their cases often follow a similar trajectory.

A Technological Solution to the Challenges of Online Defamation - Read More…

Comparative Analysis of DNA Profiling Legislations from Across the World

by Srinivas Atreya — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:30 AM

With the growing importance of forensic data in law enforcement and research, many countries have recognized the need to regulate the collection and use of forensic data and maintain DNA databases. Across the world around 60 countries maintain DNA databases which are generally regulated by specific legislations. Srinivas Atreya provides a broad overview of the important provisions of four different legislations which can be compared and contrasted with the Indian draft bill.

Comparative Analysis of DNA Profiling Legislations from Across the World - Read More…

Report on the 3rd Privacy Round Table meeting

Report on the 3rd Privacy Round Table meeting

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:35 AM

This report entails an overview of the discussions and recommendations of the third Privacy Round Table meeting in Chennai, on 18th May 2013.

Report on the 3rd Privacy Round Table meeting - Read More…

Google Policy Fellowship Programme: Call for Applications

by Prasad Krishna — last modified May 17, 2013 01:01 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society (CIS) is inviting applications for the Google Policy Fellowship programme. Google is providing a USD 7,500 stipend to the India Fellow, who will be selected by July 1, 2013.

Google Policy Fellowship Programme: Call for Applications - Read More…

The Surveillance Industry in India: At Least 76 Companies Aiding Our Watchers!

The Surveillance Industry in India: At Least 76 Companies Aiding Our Watchers!

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:59 AM

Maria Xynou is conducting research on surveillance technology companies operating in India. So far, 76 companies have been detected which are currently producing and selling different types of surveillance technology. This post entails primary data on the first ever investigation of the surveillance industry in India. Check it out!

The Surveillance Industry in India: At Least 76 Companies Aiding Our Watchers! - Read More…

IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69B Rules: Draft and Final Version Comparison

by Jadine Lannon — last modified Apr 30, 2013 09:47 AM

Jadine Lannon has performed a clause-by-clause comparison of the Draft 69B Rules and official 69B Rules under Section 69B in order to better understand how the two are similar and how they differ. Notes have been included on some changes we deemed to be important.

IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69B Rules: Draft and Final Version Comparison - Read More…

IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69 Rules: Draft and Final Version Comparison

by Jadine Lannon — last modified Apr 30, 2013 09:56 AM

Jadine Lannon has performed a clause-by-clause comparison of the Draft 69 Rules and official 69 Rules under Section 69B in order to better understand how the two are similar and how they differ. Very brief notes have been included on some changes we deemed to be important.

IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69 Rules: Draft and Final Version Comparison - Read More…

Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, 419A Rules and IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69 Rules

by Jadine Lannon — last modified Apr 30, 2013 10:04 AM

Jadine Lannon has performed a clause-by-clause comparison of the 419A Rules of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 and the 69 Rules under Section 69 of the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 in order to better understand how the two are similar and how they differ. Though they are from different Acts entirely, the Rules are very similar. Notes have been included on some changes we deemed to be important.

Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, 419A Rules and IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69 Rules - Read More…

IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69A Rules: Draft and Final Version Comparison

by Jadine Lannon — last modified Apr 30, 2013 10:10 AM

Jadine Lannon has performed a clause-by-clause comparison of the 69A draft rules and 69A rules for Section 69A of the IT Act in order to better understand how the two differ. While there has been reshuffling of the clauses in the official rules, the content itself has not changed significantly. Notes have been included on some changes we deemed to be important.

IT (Amendment) Act, 2008, 69A Rules: Draft and Final Version Comparison - Read More…

Report on the 2nd Privacy Round Table meeting

Report on the 2nd Privacy Round Table meeting

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:54 AM

This post entails a report on the second Privacy Round Table meeting which took place on 20th April 2013.

Report on the 2nd Privacy Round Table meeting - Read More…

Report on the 1st Privacy Round Table meeting

Report on the 1st Privacy Round Table meeting

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 30, 2013 11:11 AM

This report entails an overview of the discussions and recommendations of the first Privacy Round Table meeting in New Delhi, on 13th April 2013.

Report on the 1st Privacy Round Table meeting - Read More…

India's 'Big Brother': The Central Monitoring System (CMS)

India's 'Big Brother': The Central Monitoring System (CMS)

by Maria Xynou — last modified Dec 06, 2013 09:39 AM

In this post, Maria Xynou looks at India´s Central Monitoring System (CMS) project and examines whether it can target individuals´ communications data, regardless of whether they are involved in illegal activity.

India's 'Big Brother': The Central Monitoring System (CMS) - Read More…

Off the Record

Off the Record

by Nishant Shah — last modified Apr 26, 2013 05:58 AM

Social networks track our world but not relationships. We live in a world where things happen. And yet, with the presence of digital objects, the things that happen have increased in intensity and volume.

Off the Record - Read More…

Comments on the Information Technology (Electronic Service Delivery) Rules, 2011

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Jul 12, 2013 12:12 PM

Bhairav Acharya on behalf of the Centre for Internet and Society prepared the following comments on the Information Technology (Electronic Services Delivery) Rules, 2011. These were submitted to the Committee on Subordinate Legislation of the 15th Lok Sabha. These were submitted to the Committee on Subordinate Legislation of the 15th Lok Sabha.

Comments on the Information Technology (Electronic Service Delivery) Rules, 2011 - Read More…

WGIG+8: Stock-Taking, Mapping, and Going Forward

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Apr 04, 2013 06:49 AM

On February 27, 2013, the Centre for Internet and Society conducted a workshop on the Working Group on Internet Governance report, titled "WGIG+8: Stock-Taking, Mapping, and Going Forward" at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) + 10 meeting at Fontenoy Building, conference room # 7, UNESCO Headquarters, Paris from 9.30 a.m. to 11.00 a.m.

WGIG+8: Stock-Taking, Mapping, and Going Forward - Read More…

Comments on the Information Technology (Reasonable Security Practices and Procedures and Sensitive Personal Data or Information) Rules, 2011

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Jul 12, 2013 12:13 PM

Bhairav Acharya on behalf of the Centre for Internet and Society prepared the following comments on the Sensitive Personal Data Rules. These were submitted to the Committee on Subordinate Legislation of the 15th Lok Sabha.

Comments on the Information Technology (Reasonable Security Practices and Procedures and Sensitive Personal Data or Information) Rules, 2011 - Read More…

Comments on the Information Technology (Guidelines for Cyber Cafe) Rules, 2011

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Jul 12, 2013 12:15 PM

Bhairav Acharya on behalf of the Centre for Internet and Society submitted the following comments on the Information Technology (Guidelines for Cyber Cafe Rules), 2011.

Comments on the Information Technology (Guidelines for Cyber Cafe) Rules, 2011 - Read More…

The Criminal Law Amendment Bill 2013 — Penalising 'Peeping Toms' and Other Privacy Issues

by Divij Joshi — last modified Jul 12, 2013 12:17 PM

The pending amendments to the Indian Penal Code, if passed in their current format, would be a huge boost for individual physical privacy by criminalising stalking and sexually-tinted voyeurism and removing the ambiguities in Indian law which threaten the privacy and dignity of individuals.

The Criminal Law Amendment Bill 2013 — Penalising 'Peeping Toms' and Other Privacy Issues - Read More…

India's Biometric Identification Programs and Privacy Concerns

by Divij Joshi — last modified Jul 12, 2013 12:18 PM

The invasiveness of individual identification coupled with the fallibility of managing big data which biometric identification presents poses a huge risk to individual privacy in India.

India's Biometric Identification Programs and Privacy Concerns - Read More…

What’s In a Name? — DNS Singularity of ICANN and The Gold Rush

by Sharath Chandra Ram — last modified Mar 31, 2013 05:35 AM

March 2013 being the 28th birthday of the first ever registered Internet domain as well as the exigent launch of the Trademark Clearing House disguised as a milestone in rights protection by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) for it’s new gTLD program, Sharath Chandra Ram, dissects the transitory role of ICANN from being a technical outfit to the Boardroom Big Brother of Internet Governance.

What’s In a Name? — DNS Singularity of ICANN and The Gold Rush - Read More…

Microsoft releases its first report on data requests by law enforcement agencies around the world

Microsoft releases its first report on data requests by law enforcement agencies around the world

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 12:19 PM

In this post, the Centre for Internet and Society presents Microsoft´s report on law enforcement requests, with a focus on data requested by Indian law enforcement agencies.

Microsoft releases its first report on data requests by law enforcement agencies around the world - Read More…

CIS Welcomes Standing Committee Report on IT Rules

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Apr 03, 2013 10:54 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society welcomes the report by the Standing Committee on Subordinate Legislation, in which it has lambasted the government and has recommended that the government amend the Rules it passed in April 2011 under section 79 of the Information Technology Act.

CIS Welcomes Standing Committee Report on IT Rules - Read More…

Driving in the Surveillance Society: Cameras, RFID tags and Black Boxes...

Driving in the Surveillance Society: Cameras, RFID tags and Black Boxes...

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:26 PM

In this post, Maria Xynou looks at red light cameras, RFID tags and black boxes used to monitor vehicles in India.

Driving in the Surveillance Society: Cameras, RFID tags and Black Boxes... - Read More…

The Privacy (Protection) Bill 2013: A Citizen's Draft

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Jul 12, 2013 11:50 AM

The Centre for Internet and Society has been researching privacy in India since 2010 with the objective of raising public awareness around privacy, completing in depth research, and driving a privacy legislation in India. As part of this work, Bhairav Acharya has drafted the Privacy (Protection) Bill 2013.

The Privacy (Protection) Bill 2013: A Citizen's Draft - Read More…

Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012 Analysis

by Jeremy Gruber — last modified Mar 19, 2013 09:53 AM

Jeremy Gruber from the Council for Responsible Genetics, US provides an analysis of the Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2012. He says that India’s updated 2012 Human DNA Profiling Bill offers largely superficial changes from its predecessor, the Draft DNA Profiling Bill, 2007.

Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012 Analysis - Read More…

Workshop on the Unique Identity Number (UID), the National Population Register (NPR) and Governance: What will happen to our data?

Workshop on the Unique Identity Number (UID), the National Population Register (NPR) and Governance: What will happen to our data?

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:28 PM

On March 2nd, 2013, the Centre for Internet and Society and the Say No to UID campaign organized a workshop to discuss the present state of the UID and NPR schemes. Some of the questions which were addressed included ´How do the UID and NPR impact citizenship´, ´Why and how is national security linked to UID/NPR´, and ´What is the relationship between UID and Big Data´.

Workshop on the Unique Identity Number (UID), the National Population Register (NPR) and Governance: What will happen to our data? - Read More…

Hacking without borders: The future of artificial intelligence and surveillance

Hacking without borders: The future of artificial intelligence and surveillance

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:30 PM

In this post, Maria Xynou looks at some of DARPA´s artificial intelligence surveillance technologies in regards to the right to privacy and their potential future use in India.

Hacking without borders: The future of artificial intelligence and surveillance - Read More…

A Comparison of the Draft DNA Profiling Bill 2007 and the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012

A Comparison of the Draft DNA Profiling Bill 2007 and the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:32 PM

In this post, Maria Xynou gives us a comparison of the Draft DNA Profiling Bill 2007 and the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012.

A Comparison of the Draft DNA Profiling Bill 2007 and the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012 - Read More…

Summary of the CIS workshop on the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012

Summary of the CIS workshop on the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:33 PM

On March 1st, 2013, the Centre for Internet and Society organized a workshop which analysed the April 2012 draft Human DNA Profiling Bill and its potential implications on human rights in India.

Summary of the CIS workshop on the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill 2012 - Read More…

Unique Identification Scheme (UID) & National Population Register (NPR), and Governance

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Apr 30, 2014 05:03 AM

This post examines the UID, NPR and Governance as it exists in India. The background note gives a summary of what is the NPR, the legal grounding of NPR, its objectives, and the information which could be collected under the NPR. The post also throws light on the UID, its objectives, process of enrollment in UID, how UID is being adopted by different states in India, and finally the differences and controversies in UID and NPR.

Unique Identification Scheme (UID) & National Population Register (NPR), and Governance - Read More…

Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill (April 2012): High Level Concerns

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:36 PM

In 2007 the Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill was piloted by the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, with the objective of regulating the use of DNA for forensic and other purposes. In February 2012 another draft of the Bill was leaked. The February 2012 Bill was drafted by the Department of Biotechnology. Another working draft of the Bill was created in April 2012. The most recent version of the Bill seeks to create DNA databases at the state, regional, and national level.

Draft Human DNA Profiling Bill (April 2012): High Level Concerns - Read More…

An Introduction to Bitfilm & Bitcoin in Bangalore, India

An Introduction to Bitfilm & Bitcoin in Bangalore, India

by Benson Samuel — last modified Mar 12, 2013 05:58 AM

An event at the Centre for Internet & Society (CIS) was organized on January 23, 2013. The all star team at CIS was awesome at organizing this event for Bitcoin. Live streaming, mainstream newspaper coverage and Twitter based Q&A made this the first Bitcoin event in India that leveraged these mediums of information transfer.

An Introduction to Bitfilm & Bitcoin in Bangalore, India - Read More…

Don’t SLAPP free speech

Don’t SLAPP free speech

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Feb 28, 2013 11:22 AM

IIPM is proving adept at the tactical use of lawsuits to stifle criticism, despite safeguards. THE DEPARTMENT of Telecommunications, on 14 February, issued orders to block certain web pages critical of the Indian Institute of Planning and Management (IIPM).

Don’t SLAPP free speech - Read More…

Women in the IT Industry: Request for Data

by Jadine Lannon — last modified Mar 06, 2013 10:52 AM

For CIS's research on indicators of female economic empowerment in the IT industry in India, we have sent formal request for participation in a short survey to the six largest IT companies based in India. A copy of the letter of request and survey as well as some details of the request for data can be found in this post.

Women in the IT Industry: Request for Data - Read More…

Research Initiative: Women in India's IT Industry

by Jadine Lannon — last modified Mar 06, 2013 10:31 AM

CIS has begun a brief research project which will examine indicators of female economic empowerment in the IT industry in India. Though the gathering of quantitative and qualitative data from the six largest publicly-traded Indian software companies, we hope to provide insight into state of female employment in one of the most important and rapidly growing economic sectors in the country.

Research Initiative: Women in India's IT Industry - Read More…

BigDog is Watching You! The Sci-fi Future of Animal and Insect Drones

BigDog is Watching You! The Sci-fi Future of Animal and Insect Drones

by Maria Xynou — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:38 PM

Do you think robotic aeroplanes monitoring us are scary enough? Wait until you read about DARPA´s new innovative and subtle way to keep us all under the microscope! This blog post presents a new reality of drones which is depicted in none other than animal and insect-like robots, equipped with cameras and other surveillance technologies.

BigDog is Watching You! The Sci-fi Future of Animal and Insect Drones - Read More…

Surveillance Camp IV: Disproportionate State Surveillance - A Violation of Privacy

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Feb 19, 2013 12:37 PM

This is the fourth in a series of posts mapping global surveillance challenges discussed at EFF's State Surveillance and Human Rights Camp in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This article has been co-written with Elonnai Hickok — Centre for Internet and Society India, and a speaker at EFF's Camp.

Surveillance Camp IV: Disproportionate State Surveillance - A Violation of Privacy - Read More…

The Omnishambles of UID, shrouded in its RTI opacity

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Feb 19, 2013 11:04 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society sponsored Colonel Mathew Thomas to hold a workshop at the fourth National Right to Information (RTI) organized by the National Campaign for People's Right to Information, held in Hyderabad from February 15 to 18, 2013.

The Omnishambles of UID, shrouded in its RTI opacity - Read More…

Freedom of Expression Gagged

Freedom of Expression Gagged

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Feb 18, 2013 08:55 AM

The use of law to bully people into silence, called ‘heckler’s veto’, is not unique to India, writes Chinmayi Arun in this op-ed published in Business Line on February 15, 2013.

Freedom of Expression Gagged - Read More…

Analyzing the Latest List of Blocked URLs by Department of Telecommunications (IIPM Edition)

Analyzing the Latest List of Blocked URLs by Department of Telecommunications (IIPM Edition)

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Feb 17, 2013 07:35 AM

The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) in its order dated February 14, 2013 has issued directions to the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to block seventy eight URLs. The block order has been issued as a result of a court order. Snehashish Ghosh does a preliminary analysis of the list of websites blocked as per the DoT order.

Analyzing the Latest List of Blocked URLs by Department of Telecommunications (IIPM Edition) - Read More…

2012: Privacy Highlights in India

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Feb 12, 2013 12:39 PM

In this blog post, Elonnai Hickok summarizes the top privacy moments of 2012 in India. In doing so she lists out the major ones like the Report of Group of Experts on Privacy, the RIM Standoff, the Nira Radia controversy, the Centralized Monitoring System, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, NATGRID, CCTNS, the growth of CCTVs, the leaked DNA Profiling Bill, and the UID project.

2012: Privacy Highlights in India - Read More…

A Comparison of Indian Legislation to Draft International Principles on Surveillance of Communications

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:40 PM

This blog post is a comparison of the relevant Indian legislations allowing governmental access to communications and the Draft International Principles on Surveillance of Communications. The principles, first drafted in October 2012 and developed subsequently seeks to establish an international standard for surveillance of communications in the context of human rights.

A Comparison of Indian Legislation to Draft International Principles on Surveillance of Communications - Read More…

Data Retention in India

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:51 PM

As part of its privacy research, the Centre for Internet and Society has been researching upon data retention mandates from the Government of India and data retention practices by service providers. Globally, data retention has become a contested practice with regards to privacy, as many governments require service providers to retain more data for extensive time periods, for security purposes. Many argue that the scope of the retention is becoming disproportional to the purpose of investigating crimes.

Data Retention in India - Read More…

Five Frequently Asked Questions about the Amended ITRs

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Jan 30, 2013 05:36 AM

This piece discusses the five major questions that have been the subject of debate after the World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT). The politics surrounding the WCIT are not discussed here but it must be kept in mind that they have played a significant role in the outcome of the conference and in some of the debates about it.

Five Frequently Asked Questions about the Amended ITRs - Read More…

TV versus Social Media: The Rights and Wrongs

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Jan 21, 2013 03:09 AM

For most ordinary Netizens, everyday speech on social media has as much impact as graffiti in a toilet, and therefore employing the 'principle of equivalence' will result in overregulation of new media.

TV versus Social Media: The Rights and Wrongs - Read More…

Web of Sameness

Web of Sameness

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jan 18, 2013 06:17 AM

The social Web has been an ominous space at the start of 2013. It has been awash with horror, pain and grief. The recent gang rape and death of a medical student in Delhi prevents one from being too optimistic about the year to come. My live feeds on various social networks are filled with rue and rage at the gruesome incident and the seeming depravity of our society.

Web of Sameness - Read More…

Draft International Principles on Communications Surveillance and Human Rights

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 03:55 PM

These principles were developed by Privacy International and the Electronic Frontier Foundation and seek to define an international standard for the surveillance of communications. The Centre for Internet and Society has been contributing feedback to the principles.

Draft International Principles on Communications Surveillance and Human Rights - Read More…

Statement of Solidarity on Freedom of Expression and Safety of Internet Users in Bangladesh

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 15, 2013 11:51 AM

This is a statement on the violent attack on blogger Asif Mohiuddin by the participants to the Third South Asian Meeting on the Internet and Freedom of Expression that took place in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on January 14–15, 2013.

Statement of Solidarity on Freedom of Expression and Safety of Internet Users in Bangladesh - Read More…

No Civil Society Members in the Cyber Regulations Advisory Committee

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 09, 2013 05:56 PM

The Government of India has taken our advice and reconstituted the Cyber Regulations Advisory Commitee. But there is no representation of Internet users, citizens, and consumers — only government and industry interests.

No Civil Society Members in the Cyber Regulations Advisory Committee - Read More…

Mining the Web Collective

by Sharath Chandra Ram — last modified Jan 06, 2013 11:48 PM

In March 2012, Dr Bruno Latour and his team from the Sciences Po Media Lab organized a workshop that assembled a selected group of researchers from India to explore methods of Controversy Mapping. It was hosted by Dr J. Srinivasan, Director of the Divecha Centre for Climate Change at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

Mining the Web Collective - Read More…

State Surveillance and Human Rights Camp: Summary

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jul 12, 2013 04:02 PM

On December 13 and 14, 2012, the Electronic Frontier Foundation organized the Surveillance and Human Rights Camp held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The meeting examined trends in surveillance, reasons for state surveillance, surveillance tactics that governments are using, and safeguards that can be put in place to protect against unlawful or disproportionate surveillance.

State Surveillance and Human Rights Camp: Summary - Read More…

Tomorrow, Today

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jan 02, 2013 05:00 AM

Our present is the future that our past had imagined. Around the same time last year, I remember taking stock of the technologies that we live with and wondering what 2012 would bring in.

Tomorrow, Today - Read More…

Internet-driven Developments — Structural Changes and Tipping Points

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Dec 28, 2012 03:34 PM

A symposium on Internet Driven Developments: Structural Changes and Tipping Points was held in Cambridge, Massachusetts at Harvard University from December 6 to 8, 2012. The symposium was sponsored by the Ford Foundation and the MacArthur Foundation and was hosted by the Berkman Center for Internet & Society. In this blog post, I summarize the discussions that took place over the two days and add my own personal reflections on the issues.

Internet-driven Developments — Structural Changes and Tipping Points - Read More…

The Trouble with Hurried Solutions

The Trouble with Hurried Solutions

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Dec 20, 2012 04:23 AM

The World Conference on International Telecommunication showed that countries are not yet ready to arrive at a consensus on regulation and control of the Internet

The Trouble with Hurried Solutions - Read More…

The Worldwide Web of Concerns

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 27, 2012 04:31 AM

The Intern­ati­onal Telec­om­munication Union’s World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT-12) is currently under way in Dubai, after a gap of 25 years. At this conference, the Inter-national Teleco­mmunication Regulations — a binding treaty containing high-level principles — are to be revised.

The Worldwide Web of Concerns - Read More…

The Worldwide Web of Concerns

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 10, 2012 05:10 AM

The threat of a ‘UN takeover’ of the Internet through the WCIT is non-existent. However, that does not mean that activists have been crying themselves hoarse in vain.

The Worldwide Web of Concerns - Read More…

Online Censorship: How Government should Approach Regulation of Speech

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Dec 05, 2012 07:06 AM

Why is there a constant brouhaha in India about online censorship? What must be done to address this?

Online Censorship: How Government should Approach Regulation of Speech - Read More…

Comments on the Proposed Rule 138A of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 Concerning Radio Frequency Identification Tags

by Bhairav Acharya — last modified Dec 04, 2012 03:32 PM

The Centre for Internet & Society gave its comments on the proposed Rule 138A of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989. The comments were made in response to Notification GSR 738(E) published in the Gazette of India on October 3, 2012.

Comments on the Proposed Rule 138A of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 Concerning Radio Frequency Identification Tags - Read More…

Section 66-A, Information Technology Act, 2000: Cases

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Dec 06, 2012 09:20 AM

In this blog post Snehashish Ghosh summarizes the facts of a few cases where Section 66-A, Information Technology Act, 2000, has been mentioned or discussed.

Section 66-A, Information Technology Act, 2000: Cases - Read More…

Transcripts from WCIT-12

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Dec 03, 2012 02:00 PM

We are archiving copies of the live-transcripts from the World Conference on International Telecommunications, 2012 (WCIT-12) which is being held in Dubai from 3–14 December, 2012.

Transcripts from WCIT-12 - Read More…

So Much to Lose

So Much to Lose

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 07, 2012 04:39 PM

Unless you have been hiding under a rock, you have been a witness to the maelstrom of events that accompanied the death of the political leader Bal Thackeray.

So Much to Lose - Read More…

Fixing India’s anarchic IT Act

Fixing India’s anarchic IT Act

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Nov 30, 2012 06:33 AM

Section 66A of the Information Technology (IT) Act criminalizes “causing annoyance or inconvenience” online, among other things. A conviction for such an offence can attract a prison sentence of as many as three years.

Fixing India’s anarchic IT Act - Read More…

Breaking Down Section 66A of the IT Act

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 14, 2012 09:51 AM

Section 66A of the Information Technology Act, which prescribes 'punishment for sending offensive messages through communication service, etc.' is widely held by lawyers and legal academics to be unconstitutional. In this post Pranesh Prakash explores why that section is unconstitutional, how it came to be, the state of the law elsewhere, and how we can move forward.

Breaking Down Section 66A of the IT Act - Read More…

Draft nonsense

Draft nonsense

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 03, 2012 09:08 AM

Seriously flawed and dodgily drafted provisions in the IT Act provide the state a stick to beat its citizens with.

Draft nonsense - Read More…

DoT Blocks Domain Sites — But Reasons and Authority Unclear

by Smitha Krishna Prasad — last modified Nov 21, 2012 10:03 AM

Earlier this year, ISPs such as Airtel and MTNL blocked a number of domain sites including BuyDomains, Fabulous Domains and Sedo.co.uk. Whereas the Indian Government and courts have previously issued orders blocking websites, these actions have generally been attributed to issues such as posting of inflammatory content or piracy of copyrighted material. However, the reasoning behind blocking domain marketplaces such as the above mentioned sites is not clear.

DoT Blocks Domain Sites — But Reasons and Authority Unclear - Read More…

Arbitrary Arrests for Comment on Bal Thackeray's Death

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 02, 2013 03:42 AM

Two girls have been arbitrarily and unlawfully arrested for making comments about the late Shiv Sena supremo Bal Thackeray's death. Pranesh Prakash explores the legal angles to the arrests.

Arbitrary Arrests for Comment on Bal Thackeray's Death - Read More…

Will The International Telecommunication Regulations (ITRs) Impact Internet Governance? A Multistakeholder Perspective

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 10, 2012 04:40 AM

Pranesh Prakash made a presentation at the India Internet Governance Conference (IIGC) held at the FICCI, Federation House, Tansen Marg, New Delhi on October 4 and 5, 2012. The event was organised by the Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, FICCI and Internet Society. CIS was one of the supporting organisations.

Will The International Telecommunication Regulations (ITRs) Impact Internet Governance? A Multistakeholder Perspective - Read More…

Statement of Civil Society Members and Groups Participating in the "Best Bits" pre-IGF meeting at Baku in 2012

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 07, 2012 08:06 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society was one of the signatories for this submission made to the ITU on November 16, 2012.

Statement of Civil Society Members and Groups Participating in the "Best Bits" pre-IGF meeting at Baku in 2012 - Read More…

Q&A to the Report of the Group of Experts on Privacy

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Nov 09, 2012 10:20 AM

In January 2012 Justice A.P. Shah formed a committee consisting of a group of experts to contribute to and create a report of recommendations for a privacy legislation in India. The committee met a total of seven times from January to September 2012. The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) was a member of the committee creating the report. This blog post is CIS’s attempt to answer questions that have arisen from media coverage on the report, based on our understanding.

Q&A to the Report of the Group of Experts on Privacy - Read More…

Indian Government's Submission to ITU

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 09, 2012 12:48 AM

The following is the text of the submission made by the Government of India to the World Conference of International Telecommunications, Dubai on November 3, 2012. This is the final version of a draft that was circulated earlier.

Indian Government's Submission to ITU - Read More…

Submission on India's Draft Comments on Proposed Changes to the ITU's ITRs

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 07, 2012 04:15 AM

Given below are the responses from the representatives of civil society in India (The Society for Knowledge Commons, Centre for Internet & Society, The Delhi Science Forum, Free Software Movement of India, Internet Democracy Project and Media for Change) to the Government of India's proposals for the upcoming WCIT meeting, in December 2012, in Dubai.

Submission on India's Draft Comments on Proposed Changes to the ITU's ITRs - Read More…

Submission by Indian Civil Society Organisations on Proposals for the Future ITRs and Related Processes

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 07, 2012 08:00 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society was one of the signatories of this submission which was sent in November 2012, in response to the International Telecommunication Union's call for public comments in relation to the revision of International Telecommunication Regulations that are to take place at the ITU's World Conference on International Telecommunications in Dubai from December 3 to 14, 2012.

Submission by Indian Civil Society Organisations on Proposals for the Future ITRs and Related Processes - Read More…

Rethinking DNA Profiling in India

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 29, 2012 08:00 AM

DNA profile databases can be useful tools in solving crime, but given that the DNA profile of a person can reveal very personal information about the individual, including medical history, family history and so on, a more comprehensive legislation regulating the collection, use, analysis and storage of DNA samples needs included in the draft Human DNA Profiling Bill.

Rethinking DNA Profiling in India - Read More…

Privacy Perspectives on the 2012 -2013 Goa Beach Shack Policy

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 25, 2012 10:23 AM

CCTVs in India are increasingly being employed by private organizations and the government in India as a way to increase security and prevent/ deter crime from taking place. When the government mandates the use of CCTV’s for this purpose, it often does so by means of a blunt policy mandate, requiring the installation of CCTV systems, but without any further clarification as to who should oversee the use of the cameras, what bodies should have access to the records, how access should be granted or obtained, and how long the recordings should be retained.

Privacy Perspectives on the 2012 -2013 Goa Beach Shack Policy - Read More…

A Public Meeting on DNA Profiling Bill in Delhi

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Oct 10, 2012 10:58 AM

On September 27, 2012, the Centre for Internet and Society hosted a public talk at the Indian International Centre focused on the draft DNA Profiling Bill. Presenting at the meeting were international experts Dr. Helen Wallace, director of GeneWatch UK and Jeremy Gruber, president and executive director of the Council for Responsible Genetics US, and Dr. Anupuma Raina, senior scientist at AIIMs.

A Public Meeting on DNA Profiling Bill in Delhi - Read More…

The Five Monkeys & Ice-cold Water

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Oct 30, 2012 10:43 AM

The Indian government provides leadership, both domestically and internationally, when it comes to access to knowledge.

The Five Monkeys & Ice-cold Water - Read More…

An Introduction to the Issues in Internet Governance

by Smarika Kumar — last modified Apr 22, 2014 02:47 AM

That the internet cannot be governed was a central conviction of the early architects of the internet. In many ways it proved true when a majority of nation-States were kept off interference with the functioning of the internet. However with growing popularity of the internet, countries of the world are increasingly vying for control over it. This has become especially significant with the involvement of developing nations into the power struggle.

An Introduction to the Issues in Internet Governance - Read More…

Analyzing the Latest List of Blocked Sites (Communalism and Rioting Edition) Part II

by Snehashish Ghosh — last modified Sep 27, 2012 10:42 AM

Snehashish Ghosh does a further analysis of the leaked list of the websites blocked by the Indian Government from August 18, 2012 till August 21, 2012 (“leaked list”).

Analyzing the Latest List of Blocked Sites (Communalism and Rioting Edition) Part II - Read More…

SMS Block as Threat to Free Speech

SMS Block as Threat to Free Speech

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Sep 02, 2012 09:02 AM

If you could text just one or two people in a day, who would you choose? Many of us have had to make this choice thanks to the order limiting us to five texts a day. Short Message Service (SMS) is not used primarily to send staccato messages like the telegraph was.

SMS Block as Threat to Free Speech - Read More…

India's Internet Jam

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Mar 20, 2014 12:41 PM

As authorities continue to clamp down on digital freedom, politicians and corporations are getting a taste for censorship too. Pranesh Prakash reports.

India's Internet Jam - Read More…

To regulate Net intermediaries or not is the question

To regulate Net intermediaries or not is the question

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Aug 26, 2012 06:12 AM

Given the disruption to public order caused by the mass exodus of North-Eastern Indians from several cities, the government has had for the first time in many years, a legitimate case to crackdown on Internet intermediaries and their users.

To regulate Net intermediaries or not is the question - Read More…

Social media, SMS are not why NE students left Bangalore

Social media, SMS are not why NE students left Bangalore

by Nishant Shah — last modified Aug 28, 2012 10:48 AM

I woke up one morning to find that I was living in a city of crisis. Bangalore, where the largest public preoccupations to date have been about bad roads, stray dogs, and occasionally, the lack of night-life, the city was suddenly a space that people wanted to flee and occupy simultaneously.

Social media, SMS are not why NE students left Bangalore - Read More…

What lurks beneath the Network

by Nishant Shah — last modified Aug 25, 2012 07:10 AM

There is a series of buzzwords that have become a naturalised part of discussions around digital social media—participation, collaboration, peer-2-peer, mobilisation, etc. Especially in the post Arab Spring world (and our own home-grown Anna Hazare spectacles), there is this increasing belief in the innate possibilities of social media as providing ways by which the world as we know it shall change for the better. Young people are getting on to the streets and demanding their rights to the future.

What lurks beneath the Network - Read More…

Censoring the Internet: A brief manual

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Aug 24, 2012 09:39 AM

Blocking websites on the Internet should be proportionate to harm they intend. However, the government of India's approach is against the principles of natural justice.

Censoring the Internet: A brief manual - Read More…

Analysing Latest List of Blocked Sites (Communalism & Rioting Edition)

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Sep 06, 2012 11:52 AM

Pranesh Prakash does preliminary analysis on a leaked list of the websites blocked from August 18, 2012 till August 21, 2012 by the Indian government.

Analysing Latest List of Blocked Sites (Communalism & Rioting Edition) - Read More…

The Perils of 'Hactivism'

The Perils of 'Hactivism'

by Chinmayi Arun — last modified Aug 20, 2012 09:58 AM

Civil disobedience includes accepting the penalty for breaking the law. Untraceable hackers are far removed from this ethic.

The Perils of 'Hactivism' - Read More…

Open letter to Hillary Clinton on Internet Freedom

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Sep 04, 2012 08:28 AM

Last month I wrote an open letter to Hillary Clinton. It was based on a presentation I that I made during a panel discussion at a Google sponsored conference titled Internet at Liberty 2012 in Washington DC on May 24, 2012.

Open letter to Hillary Clinton on Internet Freedom - Read More…

Constitutional Analysis of the Information Technology (Intermediaries' Guidelines) Rules, 2011

by Ujwala Uppaluri — last modified Oct 31, 2012 08:44 AM

Ujwala Uppaluri provides a constitutional analysis of the Information Technology (Intermediaries' Guidelines) Rules notified in April 2011, and examines its compatibility with Articles 14, 19, 21 of the Constitution of India.

Constitutional Analysis of the Information Technology (Intermediaries' Guidelines) Rules, 2011 - Read More…

Internet Censorship: Anonymous Can’t be Just Harmful Hackers

by Nishant Shah — last modified Aug 06, 2012 06:56 AM

If there was ever an interesting time for people concerned with freedom of speech and expression to live in, it is now, and it is definitely in India. It has been a series of battles the last couple of years, where a slightly out-dated government machinery has been trying to control and contain the burgeoning online spaces, only to be put in their place by the new-age tech-ninjas that have risen as the new heroes in our digital times.

Internet Censorship: Anonymous Can’t be Just Harmful Hackers - Read More…

Overview and Concerns Regarding the Indian Draft DNA Profiling Act

by GeneWatch UK & the Council for Responsible Genetics, US — last modified Jul 11, 2012 11:30 AM

The Indian Code of Criminal Procedure was amended in 2005 to enable the collection of a host of medical details from accused persons upon their arrest. Section 53 of the Cr.PC provides that upon arrest, an accused person may be subjected to a medical examination if there are “reasonable grounds for believing” that such examination will afford evidence as to the crime.

Overview and Concerns Regarding the Indian Draft DNA Profiling Act - Read More…

Privacy Matters — Medical Privacy

Privacy Matters — Medical Privacy

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Jul 10, 2012 01:41 PM

On June 30, 2012, Privacy India in partnership with the Indian Network for People living with HIV/AIDS, Centre for Internet & Society, IDRC, Society in Action Group, with support from London-based Privacy International, held a public discussion on "Medical Privacy" at the Yashwantrao Chavan Academy of Development Administration.

Privacy Matters — Medical Privacy - Read More…

Multi-Stakeholder Consultation on ‘Internet Rights, Accessibility, Regulation & Ethics’

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Jul 25, 2012 10:22 AM

Digital Empowerment Foundation, Association for Progressive Communications, Department of Information Technology and National Internet Exchange of India came together to organize an event on "Internet Rights, Accessibility, Regulation & Ethics". This was held at Mirza Ghalib Hall, SCOPE Complex, New Delhi from 9.00 a.m. to 2.30 p.m. on May 3, 2012. Pranesh Prakash was a speaker.

Multi-Stakeholder Consultation on ‘Internet Rights, Accessibility, Regulation & Ethics’ - Read More…

How Facebook is Blatantly Abusing our Trust

How Facebook is Blatantly Abusing our Trust

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jun 28, 2012 12:42 PM

‘Don’t fix it, if it ain’t broken’ is not an adage Facebook seems to subscribe to. Nishant Shah's column on privacy and Facebook was published in First Post on June 27, 2012.

How Facebook is Blatantly Abusing our Trust - Read More…

Securing e-Governance

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Jun 26, 2012 06:45 AM

On June 16, 2012, Privacy India in partnership with the Centre for Internet & Society, Bangalore, International Development Research Centre, Canada, Privacy International, UK and the Society in Action Group, Gurgaon organised a public discussion on “Securing e-Governance: Ensuring Data Protection and Privacy”, at the Ahmedabad Management Association.

Securing e-Governance - Read More…

Beyond Anonymous: Shit people say on Internet piracy

Beyond Anonymous: Shit people say on Internet piracy

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jun 13, 2012 02:01 PM

This post is a series of provocations around piracy, censorship and the state of Internet in India. Like all good tasting things, these observations need to be taken with a pinch of salt. But it is the hope of the author that this serves as a response to otherwise very persistent voices that have been demonizing file-sharing online.

Beyond Anonymous: Shit people say on Internet piracy - Read More…

IPv6: Embrace The Change

IPv6: Embrace The Change

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jun 13, 2012 06:09 AM

A moment of transition is always filled with anxiety. There is concern over the unknown and there is a reluctance to move out of the familiar. However, a transition does not necessarily mean migration; or in other words, as we transition to IPv6 as the new protocol for digital and electronic communication, it does not mean that we are going to abandon the internet as we know it.

IPv6: Embrace The Change - Read More…

IPv6: The Transition Challenge

IPv6: The Transition Challenge

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jun 13, 2012 09:59 AM

The future of our connected networks is Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). Not only is it more efficient and faster than IPv4 which we are currently working with, it is also more reliable and secure.

IPv6: The Transition Challenge - Read More…

IPv6:  The First Steps

IPv6: The First Steps

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jun 05, 2012 07:18 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society has entered into a small collaboration with Tata Telecommunications in India to celebrate the IPv6 day on June 6th. We will write 5500 word vignettes, which will be sent to their global database consisting of more than 900,000 users in the Asia-Pacific.

IPv6: The First Steps - Read More…

The Web of Our Strife

The Web of Our Strife

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jun 04, 2012 05:45 AM

At the 66th session of the UN General Assembly, India proposed the formation of a Committee on Internet-Related Policies (CIRP) to address what it sees as a policy vacuum in internet governance.

The Web of Our Strife - Read More…

Beyond Sharing: Towards our Digital Futures

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jun 01, 2012 04:39 AM

The battle is not about file sharing and a petty film producer wanting to rake in the box office earnings. It is about the law’s incapacity to deal with post-analogue practices and processes.

Beyond Sharing: Towards our Digital Futures - Read More…

Google Policy Fellowship Programme: Call for Applications

by Prasad Krishna — last modified May 24, 2012 03:38 PM

The Centre for Internet & Society (CIS) is inviting applications for the Google Policy Fellowship programme. Google is providing a USD 7,500 stipend to the India Fellow, who will be selected by August 15, 2012.

Google Policy Fellowship Programme: Call for Applications - Read More…

The Private Eye

by Nishant Shah — last modified May 24, 2012 06:25 AM

The world’s largest digital social networking system, oh ok, Facebook, to just name names, was ­recently in a lot of buzz.

The Private Eye - Read More…

Open letter to Kolaveri Di makers: How Dare You!

Open letter to Kolaveri Di makers: How Dare You!

by Nishant Shah — last modified May 23, 2012 07:02 AM

When it comes to piracy, you are sure to have an opinion. You might either make a virtue out of it, talking about cultural commons and collaborative conditions of production. Or you might vilify it as the social fault-line that is destroying the very pillars of commerce and cultural negotiations.

Open letter to Kolaveri Di makers: How Dare You! - Read More…

Chilling Effects and Frozen Words

Chilling Effects and Frozen Words

by Lawrence Liang — last modified Apr 30, 2012 07:32 AM

What if the real danger is not that we lose our freedom of speech and expression but our sense of humour as a nation? Lawrence Liang's op-ed was published in the Hindu on April 30, 2012.

Chilling Effects and Frozen Words - Read More…

Intermediary Liability in India: Chilling Effects on Free Expression on the Internet

by Rishabh Dara — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:22 AM

The Centre for Internet & Society in partnership with Google India conducted the Google Policy Fellowship 2011. This was offered for the first time in Asia Pacific as well as in India. Rishabh Dara was selected as a Fellow and researched upon issues relating to freedom of expression. The results of the paper demonstrate that the ‘Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules 2011’ notified by the Government of India on April 11, 2011 have a chilling effect on free expression.

Intermediary Liability in India: Chilling Effects on Free Expression on the Internet - Read More…

India's Broken Internet Laws Need a Shot of Multi-stakeholderism

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Apr 26, 2012 01:45 PM

Cyber-laws in India are severely flawed, with neither lawyers nor technologists being able to understand them, and the Cyber-Law Group in DEIT being incapable of framing fair, just, and informed laws and policies. Pranesh Prakash suggests they learn from the DEIT's Internet Governance Division, and Brazil, and adopt multi-stakeholderism as a core principle of Internet policy-making.

India's Broken Internet Laws Need a Shot of Multi-stakeholderism - Read More…

Non human intelligence is closer than you think!

Non human intelligence is closer than you think!

by Nishant Shah — last modified May 24, 2012 06:36 AM

In one of the research projects that I have been involved in, I was recently a part of a jury, for a contest which required on-line voting. It sounded like a fun thing, giving the participants a chance to bring in their inherited networks and also expanding the reach of the contest entries.

Non human intelligence is closer than you think! - Read More…

The Centre for Internet & Society Joins the Global Network Initiative

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Apr 25, 2012 09:13 AM

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is pleased to announce its newest member, the Centre for Internet & Society based in Bangalore, India. A technology policy research institute, CIS brings to GNI in-depth expertise on global Internet governance as well as online freedom of expression and privacy in India.

The Centre for Internet & Society Joins the Global Network Initiative - Read More…

The All India Privacy Symposium: Conference Report

The All India Privacy Symposium: Conference Report

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Apr 30, 2012 05:16 AM

Privacy India, the Centre for Internet and Society and Society in Action Group, with support from the International Development Research Centre, Privacy International and Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative had organised the All India Privacy Symposium at the India International Centre in New Delhi, on February 4, 2012. Natasha Vaz reports about the event.

The All India Privacy Symposium: Conference Report - Read More…

The High Level Privacy Conclave — Conference Report

The High Level Privacy Conclave — Conference Report

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Apr 30, 2012 09:46 AM

Privacy India, the Centre for Internet and Society and the Society in Action Group, with support from IDRC and Privacy International, have spent 18 months studying the state of privacy in India, and conducting consultations across India in Kolkata, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Guwahati, Chennai, and Mumbai. On February 3, 2012, a high-level conclave was held in New Delhi with representatives from government, industry, media, and civil society participating in the event. At the conclave the discussions were focused on Internet Privacy, National Security & Privacy, and the future of Privacy in India.

The High Level Privacy Conclave — Conference Report - Read More…

Two Tales of Transparency!

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Apr 11, 2012 12:09 PM

In a single week, two global Internet giants announce transparency efforts that have direct implications for privacy and free speech.

Two Tales of Transparency! - Read More…

Sharing in the time of Facebook, or Why I’m not a Pirate

Sharing in the time of Facebook, or Why I’m not a Pirate

by Nishant Shah — last modified Apr 10, 2012 10:38 AM

It is now over a month that my favourite network has been dead. Library.nu the rare space for sharing of academic resources to a free and open community has succumbed to the pressures of publishing industry stalwarts who, in their quest for promoting the knowledge industry, are killing sources through which knowledge survives.

Sharing in the time of Facebook, or Why I’m not a Pirate - Read More…

The Idea of the Book

The Idea of the Book

by Nishant Shah — last modified Apr 10, 2012 09:53 AM

Its future lies in a trans-media format that is ever evolving, writes Nishant Shah in an article which was published in the Indian Express on April 8, 2012.

The Idea of the Book - Read More…

Intermediary Liability in India: Chilling Effects on Free Expression on the Internet 2011

by Rishabh Dara — last modified Apr 21, 2012 06:05 PM

Intermediaries are widely recognised as essential cogs in the wheel of exercising the right to freedom of expression on the Internet. Most major jurisdictions around the world have introduced legislations for limiting intermediary liability in order to ensure that this wheel does not stop spinning. With the 2008 amendment of the Information Technology Act 2000, India joined the bandwagon and established a ‘notice and takedown’ regime for limiting intermediary liability.

Intermediary Liability in India: Chilling Effects on Free Expression on the Internet 2011 - Read More…

Global Censorship Conference

Global Censorship Conference

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Mar 30, 2012 11:34 AM

The Abrams Institute for Freedom of Expression at Yale Law School is holding a conference on global censorship from March 30 to April 1, 2012, at Yale Law School. The programme is sponsored by the Information Society Project at Yale Law School and Thomson Reuters.

Global Censorship Conference - Read More…

Statutory Motion Against Intermediary Guidelines Rules

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Apr 03, 2012 09:35 AM

Rajya Sabha MP, Shri P. Rajeev has moved a motion that the much-criticised Intermediary Guidelines Rules be annulled.

Statutory Motion Against Intermediary Guidelines Rules - Read More…

Why your Facebook Stalker is Not the Real Problem

Why your Facebook Stalker is Not the Real Problem

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 21, 2012 05:02 AM

We live in networked conditions. This is a statement that can now be taken at face-value, and immediately explains our highly connected, inter-meshed environments finds Nishant Shah in this article published in FirstPost on March 20, 2012.

Why your Facebook Stalker is Not the Real Problem - Read More…

Privacy in India — An Early Draft

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Feb 28, 2014 05:05 AM

Privacy India in partnership with Privacy International, UK, Society in Action Group, Gurgaon, and the Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore is pleased to bring you the draft chapters of its book on privacy in India. These include the Country Report, Telecommunication and Internet Privacy, E-Governance Identity and Privacy, Finance and Privacy, Health and Privacy, Transparency and Privacy.

Privacy in India — An Early Draft - Read More…

Unique ID System: Pros and Cons

Unique ID System: Pros and Cons

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Feb 29, 2012 11:28 AM

On September 16, 2011, the Citizen’s Voluntary Initiative for the City and Centre for Advocacy and Research organized a public consultation titled “Unique ID System: Pros and Cons” in Bangalore. The consultation was on the utility and impact of the UID system in India and featured a panel discussion with T. Prabhakar, public relations officer, e-governance, Ashok Dalwai, UIDAI regional deputy director, Somashekar V.K., managing trustee of Grahak Shakti and Col. Mathew Thomas, civic activist and retired army officer.

Unique ID System: Pros and Cons - Read More…

All India Privacy Symposium

All India Privacy Symposium

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Mar 01, 2012 06:16 AM

Are we citizens or subjects? Experts gather in Delhi for public symposium on privacy, transparency, e-governance and national security in India.

All India Privacy Symposium - Read More…

The High Level Privacy Conclave

The High Level Privacy Conclave

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Mar 01, 2012 06:09 AM

India in dire need of privacy law; experts say government is ironically creating huge national security risks in attempts to prevent crime and terrorism.

The High Level Privacy Conclave - Read More…

Personal Data, Public Profile

by Nishant Shah — last modified Feb 14, 2012 06:19 AM

Whether we like it or not, we live in a world that is rapidly being Googlised, writes Nishant Shah in an article published by the Financial Express on February 13, 2012.

Personal Data, Public Profile - Read More…

World Narrow Web

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Mar 27, 2012 04:00 PM

Censorship and how govt reacts to it may push us to country-specific networks, writes Pranesh Prakash in an article published in the Indian Express on 4 February 2012.

World Narrow Web - Read More…

Digital Futures: Internet Freedom and Millennials

Digital Futures: Internet Freedom and Millennials

by Nishant Shah — last modified Feb 15, 2012 04:25 AM

Last year was a turbulent year for freedom of speech and online expression in India. Early in 2011 we saw the introduction of an Intermediaries Liability amendment to the existing Information Technologies Law in the country, which allowed intermediaries like internet service providers (ISPs), digital content platforms (like Facebook and Twitter) and other actors managing online content, to remove material that is deemed objectionable without routing it through a court of law. Effectively, this was an attempt at crowdsourcing censorship, where at the whim or fancy of any person who flags information as offensive, it could be removed from digital platforms, writes Nishant Shah in DMLcentral on 3 February 2012.

Digital Futures: Internet Freedom and Millennials - Read More…

Do we need the Aadhar scheme?

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Feb 03, 2012 10:11 AM

"Decentralisation and privacy are preconditions for security. Digital signatures don’t require centralised storage and are much more resilient in terms of security", Sunil Abraham in the Business Standard on 1 February 2012.

Do we need the Aadhar scheme? - Read More…

Sense and Censorship

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Jan 31, 2012 06:15 AM

The Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Protect IP Act (PIPA) bills, at the US House of Representatives and Senate, respectively, appear to enforce property rights, but are, in fact, trade bills. This article by Sunil Abraham was published in the Indian Express on 20 January 2012.

Sense and Censorship - Read More…

Our Internet and the Law

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 26, 2012 09:28 AM

Nishant Shah was interviewed by the BBC Channel 5 (Radio) for its Outriders section. Jamillah Knowles reports this through this blog post published by BBC Radio on 24 January 2012.

Our Internet and the Law - Read More…

Privacy Matters — Analyzing the Right to "Privacy Bill"

Privacy Matters — Analyzing the Right to "Privacy Bill"

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Feb 15, 2012 04:27 AM

On January 21, 2012 a public conference “Privacy Matters” was held at the Indian Institute of Technology in Mumbai. It was the sixth conference organised in the series of regional consultations held as “Privacy Matters”. The present conference analyzed the Draft Privacy Bill and the participants discussed the challenges and concerns of privacy in India.

Privacy Matters — Analyzing the Right to "Privacy Bill" - Read More…

How India Makes E-books Easier to Ban than Books (And How We Can Change That)

How India Makes E-books Easier to Ban than Books (And How We Can Change That)

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Feb 21, 2012 11:50 AM

Without getting into questions of what should and should not be unlawful speech, Pranesh Prakash chooses to take a look at how Indian law promotes arbitrary removal and blocking of websites, website content, and online services, and how it makes it much easier than getting offline printed speech removed.

How India Makes E-books Easier to Ban than Books (And How We Can Change That) - Read More…

The Quixotic Fight to Clean up the Web

The Quixotic Fight to Clean up the Web

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Jan 26, 2012 08:53 PM

The ongoing attempt to pre-screen online content won’t change anything. It will only drive netizens into the arms of criminals, writes Sunil Abraham in this article published in Tehelka Magazine, Vol 9, Issue 04, Dated 28 Jan 2012.

The Quixotic Fight to Clean up the Web - Read More…

Keeping it Private

Keeping it Private

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jan 27, 2012 03:50 AM

As we disclose more information online, we must ask who might access it and why. This article by Nishant Shah was published in the Indian Express on Sunday, 15 January 2012.

Keeping it Private - Read More…

Future of Integrated Science Education in Higher Education in India

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Jan 15, 2012 09:50 AM

The Higher Education Innovation and Research Application (HEIRA) at the Centre for the Study of Culture and Society (CSCS) and the Centre for Contemporary Studies (CCS) at the Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc) hosted a two day workshop on 2 and 3 January 2012 on the Future of Integrated Science Education in Higher Education in India at the Centre for Contemporary Studies, IISc, where they invited a core group of academics and researchers from the leading technology and science studies institutes in the country, to look at the possibility of designing innovative and new curricula for undergraduate students in India.

Future of Integrated Science Education in Higher Education in India - Read More…

Click to Change

Click to Change

by Nishant Shah — last modified Jan 03, 2012 09:35 AM

From organising political protests and flash mobs to uploading their versions of Kolaveri Di, people brought about change with the help of the internet, writes Nishant Shah in this article published in the Indian Express on 1 January 2012.

Click to Change - Read More…

The Historian Wins Over the Biographer

The Historian Wins Over the Biographer

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 31, 2011 12:15 PM

In Walter Isaacson's eponymous biography of Steve Jobs, the multibillion dollar man who is credited with single handedly changing the face of computing and the digital media industry, we face the dilemma of a biographer: how do you make sense of a history that is so new, it is still unfolding? Nishant Shah's detailed review of Steve Jobs' biography is now out in the Biblio and is is available online (after a free registration) as a PDF.

The Historian Wins Over the Biographer - Read More…

Of Surrogate Futures and Scattered Temporalities

Of Surrogate Futures and Scattered Temporalities

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 30, 2011 10:15 AM

There can be no refuting Michael Edwards’ claim that the world we live in is not only thick with problems, but that the problems that we are collectively trying to address are ‘thick...complex, politicized and unpredictable...complicated and contested’.

Of Surrogate Futures and Scattered Temporalities - Read More…

Exposing Data: Art Slash Activism

Exposing Data: Art Slash Activism

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Dec 29, 2011 01:31 PM

Tactical Tech and the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) organised a public discussion on the intersection of Art and Activism at the CIS office in Bangalore on 28 November 2011. Videos of the event are now online. Ward Smith (Lecturer, University of California, LA), Stephanie Hankey and Marek Tuszinsky (Co-founders, Tactical Technology Collective), Ayisha Abraham (Film maker, Srishti School of Art Design) and Zainab Bawa (Research Fellow, Centre for Internet and Society) spoke in this event.

Exposing Data: Art Slash Activism - Read More…

US Clampdown Worse than the Great Firewall

US Clampdown Worse than the Great Firewall

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Jan 26, 2012 08:42 PM

If you thought China’s Internet censorship was evil, think again. American moves to clean up the Web could hurt global surfers, writes Sunil Abraham in this article published in Tehelka, Volume 8, Issue 50, 17 December 2011.

US Clampdown Worse than the Great Firewall - Read More…

Now Streaming on Your Nearest Screen

Now Streaming on Your Nearest Screen

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 24, 2011 08:58 AM

Digital cinema, especially the kinds produced using mobile devices and travelling on Internet social networking systems like YouTube and MySpace, are often dismissed as apolitical and ‘merely’ a fad. Moreover, content in the non-English language, due to incomprehensibility or lack of understanding of the cultural context of the production, is labeled as frivolous, or inconsequential, writes Nishant Shah in this peer reviewed essay published in the Journal of Chinese Cinemas, Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2009.

Now Streaming on Your Nearest Screen - Read More…

Internet and Society in Asia: Challenges and Next Steps

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 23, 2011 05:56 AM

The ubiquitous presence of internet technologies, in our age of digital revolution, has demanded the attention of various disciplines of study and movements for change around the globe. As more of our environment gets connected to the circuits of the World Wide Web, we witness a significant transformation in the way we understand the politics, mechanics and aesthetics of the world we live in, says Nishant Shah in this peer reviewed essay published in Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, Volume 11, Number 1, March 2010.

Internet and Society in Asia: Challenges and Next Steps - Read More…

Spy in the Web

Spy in the Web

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 26, 2012 06:38 AM

The government’s proposed pre-censorship rules undermine the intelligence of an online user and endanger democracy.

Spy in the Web - Read More…

Invisible Censorship: How the Government Censors Without Being Seen

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 04, 2012 08:59 AM

The Indian government wants to censor the Internet without being seen to be censoring the Internet. This article by Pranesh Prakash shows how the government has been able to achieve this through the Information Technology Act and the Intermediary Guidelines Rules it passed in April 2011. It now wants methods of censorship that leave even fewer traces, which is why Mr. Kapil Sibal, Union Minister for Communications and Information Technology talks of Internet 'self-regulation', and has brought about an amendment of the Copyright Act that requires instant removal of content.

Invisible Censorship: How the Government Censors Without Being Seen - Read More…

That’s the unkindest cut, Mr Sibal

That’s the unkindest cut, Mr Sibal

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Dec 12, 2011 04:59 AM

There’s Kolaveri-di on the Internet over Kapil Sibal’s diktat to social media sites to prescreen users’ posts. That diktat goes far beyond the restrictions placed on our freedom of expression by the IT Act. But, says Sunil Abraham of the Centre for Internet and Society, India is not going to be silenced online.

That’s the unkindest cut, Mr Sibal - Read More…

Press Coverage of Online Censorship Row

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 08, 2011 11:31 AM

We are maintaining a rolling blog with press references to the row created by the proposal by the Union Minister for Communications and Information Technology to pre-screen user-generated Internet content.

Press Coverage of Online Censorship Row - Read More…

Online Pre-Censorship is Harmful and Impractical

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 12, 2011 05:00 PM

The Union Minister for Communications and Information Technology, Mr. Kapil Sibal wants Internet intermediaries to pre-censor content uploaded by their users. Pranesh Prakash takes issue with this and explains why this is a problem, even if the government's heart is in the right place. Further, he points out that now is the time to take action on the draconian IT Rules which are before the Parliament.

Online Pre-Censorship is Harmful and Impractical - Read More…

An Interview with Dr. Ann Cavoukian, Information and Privacy Commissioner, Ontario, Canada

An Interview with Dr. Ann Cavoukian, Information and Privacy Commissioner, Ontario, Canada

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Dec 03, 2011 01:26 AM

Elonnai Hickok interviewed Dr. Ann Cavoukian, Information and Privacy Commissioner, Ontario, Canada. The full interview is reproduced below.

An Interview with Dr. Ann Cavoukian, Information and Privacy Commissioner, Ontario, Canada - Read More…

What is Dilligaf?

What is Dilligaf?

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 01, 2011 09:52 AM

On the web, time moves at the speed of thought: Groups emerge, proliferate and are abandoned as new trends and fads take precedence. Nowhere else is this dramatic flux as apparent as in the language that evolves online. While SMS lingo – like TTYL (Talk To You Later) and LOL (Laughing Out Loud)– has endured and become a part of everyday language, new forms of speech are taking over.

What is Dilligaf? - Read More…

The 2nd IJLT-CIS Lecture Series — A Post-event Report

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Nov 17, 2011 10:25 AM

The Indian Journal of Law and Technology (IJLT) and the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS), organised the 2nd IJLT-CIS Lecture Series on the 21st and 22nd of May 2011 at the National Law School of India University, Nagarbhavi, Bangalore. The main theme for this year was Emerging Issues in Privacy Law: Law, Policy and Practice.

The 2nd IJLT-CIS Lecture Series — A Post-event Report - Read More…

CIS Comments on Finance Committee Statements to Open Letters on Unique Identity

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Nov 13, 2011 02:39 AM

We from the Centre for Internet and Society had sent six open letters to the Parliamentary Finance Committee on the UID. The Committee responded through an email on 12 October 2011. Our response to the points raised is reproduced below.

CIS Comments on Finance Committee Statements to Open Letters on Unique Identity - Read More…

Comments on the National Policy of Information Technology

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Nov 09, 2011 10:28 AM

The NPIT 2011 has the laudable goal of making India a ‘knowledge economy with a global role’ by developing and deploying ICT solutions in all sectors to foster development within India and at a global level. The policy identifies several praiseworthy goals such as the promotion of open standards and open technologies, accessibility for persons with disabilities, affordable ICT services, transparency, accountability, technology development for Indian languages, placing data in public domain for use and value addition, using social media to engage with citizens and investing in indigenous R&D and capacity building. We deeply appreciate this initiative of the Department of Information Technology and offer below brief comments to strengthen the draft.

Comments on the National Policy of Information Technology - Read More…

TRAI urged to take action against P2P throttling and DNS hijacking

by Anand Priya Singh — last modified Mar 27, 2012 06:07 AM

On 4 November 2010, Anand had sent a complaint letter to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) regarding unethical practices adopted by Internet Service Providers (ISPs), particularly Airtel. The letter was sent by post and through an e-mail. It was addressed to the Advisor, CN & IT, TRAI. Anand got no help from the ISP and the reply from TRAI (No. 340-1\2010-CA/VOLv) stated that he contact the nodal officer. We have reproduced below the complaint letter that Anand sent to TRAI.

TRAI urged to take action against P2P throttling and DNS hijacking - Read More…

Sources of CIS Funding

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jan 16, 2014 11:44 AM

CIS's donors' names and the amount of the grants they've provided are being published in an effort to be absolutely transparent and to make it clear that our donors do not dictate the policy and research positions we espouse.

Sources of CIS Funding - Read More…

Material Cyborgs; Asserted Boundaries

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:22 AM

In this peer reviewed article, Nishant Shah explores the possibility of formulating the cyborg as an author or translator who is able to navigate between the different binaries of ‘meat–machine’, ‘digital–physical’, and ‘body–self’, using the abilities and the capabilities learnt in one system in an efficient and effective understanding of the other. The article was published in the European Journal of English Studies, Volume 12, Issue 2, 2008.

Material Cyborgs; Asserted Boundaries - Read More…

Once Upon A Flash

by Nishant Shah — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:23 AM

It was a dark and stormy evening. A young man in a dark blue Adidas jacket, collar turned up, eyes under green-black shades, hopped off a motorbike, tucked his thumbs into the front pockets of his low-slung retro jeans and surreptitiously made his way through a road thronging with rush-hour traffic and irate pedestrians yelping on their cellphones. He skipped across death traps with skilled ease: leaping over potholes, jumping over halfdug trenches, avoiding the occasional pair of doggy jaws that longed to mate with his ankles, ignoring the bikers who were using the pavements as new lanes for driving towards a honking traffic jam bathed in an orange and red neon that made the road look like a piece of burnt toast with dollops of vicious jam on it.

Once Upon A Flash - Read More…

CIS Comments on the Draft National Policy on Electronics

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Nov 01, 2011 12:05 AM

These were the comments submitted by CIS to the request for comments put out by the Department of Information Technology on its draft 'National Policy on Electronics'.

CIS Comments on the Draft National Policy on Electronics - Read More…

India's Statement Proposing UN Committee for Internet-Related Policy

India's Statement Proposing UN Committee for Internet-Related Policy

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Oct 31, 2011 03:28 PM

This is the statement made by India at the 66th session of the United Nations General Assembly, in which its proposal for the UN Committee for Internet-Related Policy was presented.

India's Statement Proposing UN Committee for Internet-Related Policy - Read More…

Analysis of DIT's Response to Second RTI on Website Blocking

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 02, 2011 09:26 AM

In this blog post, Pranesh Prakash briefly analyses the DIT's response to an RTI request on website blocking alongside the most recent edition of Google's Transparency Report, and what it tells us about the online censorship regime in India.

Analysis of DIT's Response to Second RTI on Website Blocking - Read More…

Text of DIT's Response to Second RTI on Website Blocking

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Oct 28, 2011 02:37 PM

CIS had filed a request under the Right to Information Act with the government, asking a number of questions relating to blocking of content under the IT Act. We have reproduced below the response we got from the government.

Text of DIT's Response to Second RTI on Website Blocking - Read More…

Privacy & Sexual Minorities

by Danish Sheikh — last modified Sep 20, 2013 09:22 AM

Danish Sheikh examines the status of sexual minorities in the light of privacy framework in India. Culling out some real life examples based on various studies, media reports and judgments from the Supreme Court and the High Courts of Delhi and Allahabad, the research brings to light the privacy violations being committed by both individuals as well as state authorities. The research concludes by saying that privacy doesn’t necessarily encompass a one-size-fits-all approach, and can raise as many questions as it answers.

Privacy & Sexual Minorities - Read More…

Sixth Annual Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum, Nairobi: A Summary

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Oct 24, 2011 09:09 AM

The sixth annual meeting of the Internet Governance Forum was held from 27 to 30 September 2011 at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya. Sunil Abraham participated in six workshops: Privacy, Security, and Access to Rights: A Technical and Policy Analyses, Use of Digital Technologies for Civic Engagement and Political Change: Lessons Learned and Way Forward, The Impact of Regulation: FOSS and Enterprise, Proprietary Influences in Free and Open Source Software: Lessons to Open and Universal Internet Standards, Access and Diversity of Broadband Internet Access and Putting Users First: How Can Privacy be Protected in Today’s Complex Mobile Ecosystem?

Sixth Annual Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum, Nairobi: A Summary - Read More…

Design!Public II in Bangalore ― Event Report

by Yelena Gyulkhandanyan — last modified Oct 20, 2011 08:48 AM

Design Public, a high-level conclave on innovation, took place in Bangalore at the National Gallery for Modern Art on October 14, 2011. The event was organized by the Centre for Knowledge Societies in collaboration with the Centre for Internet and Society, the Centre for Law and Policy Research, Mint, and others. The conclave brought together industry experts, scholars, and activists to create a dialogue about design and innovation in the public interest. This blog post captures the developments as it happened on this day.

Design!Public II in Bangalore ― Event Report - Read More…

SCOSTA and UID Comparison not Valid, says Finance Committee

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Nov 22, 2011 04:37 PM

The Standing Committee on Finance Branch, Lok Sabha Secretariat has responded to the suggestions offered by CIS on the National Identification Authority of India, Bill 2010 and has requested it to mail its views by 14 October 2011.

SCOSTA and UID Comparison not Valid, says Finance Committee - Read More…

Seventh Open Letter to the Finance Committee: A Note on the Deduplication of Unique Identifiers

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Nov 22, 2011 07:28 AM

Sahana Sarkar on behalf of the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) had sent in a Right to Information application on 30 June 2011 to Ashish Kumar, Central Public Information Officer, UIDAI. The UIDAI sent in its reply. Through the seventh open letter, Hans attempts to characterize in an abstract way the replies that CIS managed to elicit and makes some elementary observations.

Seventh Open Letter to the Finance Committee: A Note on the Deduplication of Unique Identifiers - Read More…

Hack Night in CIS ― A Meeting of Java Script Hackers

by Tom Dane — last modified Oct 27, 2011 11:36 AM

CIS hosted a hack night in conjunction with the tech-event organizers HasGeek at its office on 24 September 2011. The event brought together local java script hackers on a common platform. Tom Dane and Kiran Jonnalagadda participated in the event.

Hack Night in CIS ― A Meeting of Java Script Hackers - Read More…

UID: Questions without Answers – A Talk by Usha Ramanathan

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Nov 24, 2011 04:41 AM

UID enrolment is in full swing, providing an official identification to millions of Indians, yet there are numerous unanswered questions. A public talk on UID was held at the Institute of Science, Bangalore on September 6, 2011. Usha Ramanathan, an independent law researcher on jurisprudence, poverty and rights, discussed the questions that plague the UID project and the veil of silence enveloping the answers.

UID: Questions without Answers – A Talk by Usha Ramanathan - Read More…

Understanding the Right to Information

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Jun 12, 2013 11:39 AM

Elonnai Hickok summarises the Right to Information Act, 2005, how it works, how to file an RTI request, the information that an individual can request under the Act, the possible responses and the challenges to the citizen and the government. She concludes by saying that there are many structural changes that both citizens and governmental officers can make to improve the system.

Understanding the Right to Information - Read More…

Bye Bye email?

Bye Bye email?

by Nishant Shah — last modified Aug 23, 2011 07:31 AM

Email might be the default method of communication for most of us, but could it be going the telegram way.

Bye Bye email? - Read More…

Whole Body Imaging and Privacy Concerns that Follow

by Srishti Goyal — last modified Sep 29, 2011 05:38 AM

Law student at the National University of Juridical Sciences, and intern for Privacy India, Srishti Goyal compares, contrasts, and critiques the Whole Body Imaging practices found in the US, the UK, and Australia, and makes recommendations for an Indian regime.

Whole Body Imaging and Privacy Concerns that Follow - Read More…

IP Addresses and Expeditious Disclosure of Identity in India

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:20 AM

In this research, Prashant Iyengar reviews the statutory mechanism regulating the retention and disclosure of IP addresses by Internet companies in India. Prashant provides a compilation of anecdotes on how law enforcement authorities in India have used IP address information to trace individuals responsible for particular crimes.

IP Addresses and Expeditious Disclosure of Identity in India - Read More…

Cyber Crime & Privacy

by Merlin Oommen — last modified Sep 01, 2011 09:36 AM

India is a growing area in the field of active Internet usage with 71 million Internet users.

Cyber Crime & Privacy - Read More…

Financial Inclusion and the UID

by elonnai hickok — last modified Aug 23, 2011 10:36 AM

Since 2009, when Nandan Nilekani began to envision and implement the Unique Identification Project, the UID authority has promoted the UID/Aadhaar scheme as a tool of development for India - arguing that an identity will assist in bringing benefits to the poor, promote financial inclusion in India, and allow for economic and social development. In this blog entry I will focus on the challenges and possibilities of the UID number providing the residents of India a viable method of access to financial services across the country.

Financial Inclusion and the UID - Read More…

CCTV in Universities

by Merlin Oommen — last modified Sep 01, 2011 09:50 AM

Basic Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) Infrastructure is used to observe movements from a central room, and consists of one or more video cameras that transmit video and audio images to a set of monitors or video recorders.

CCTV in Universities - Read More…

Re-thinking Key Escrow

by Natasha Vaz — last modified Aug 22, 2011 11:44 AM

Would you make duplicates of your house keys and hand them over to the local police authority? And if so, would you feel safe? Naturally, one would protest this invasion of privacy. Similarly, would it be justified for the government to have a copy of the private key to intercept and decrypt communications? This is the idea behind key escrow; it enables government ‘wiretapping’.

Re-thinking Key Escrow - Read More…

UID: Nothing to Hide, Nothing to Fear?

by Shilpa Narani — last modified Sep 28, 2011 11:44 AM

Isn’t it interesting that authorities ask you about your identity and you end up showing your proof of existence! Isn’t this breaching into one’s personal life? Why so much transparency only from the public side? Why can’t the government be equally transparent to the public?, asks Shilpa Narani.

UID: Nothing to Hide, Nothing to Fear? - Read More…

An Overview of DNA Labs in India

by Shilpa Narani — last modified Aug 12, 2012 09:13 AM

DNA fingerprinting has become the most precise and technologically advanced method for identifying crimes such as murder, kidnapping, robbery and rape. Police and judicial authorities and in some cases even private parties retain this in their records, writes Shilpa in this blog post.

An Overview of DNA Labs in India - Read More…

Consumer Privacy in e-Commerce

by Sahana Sarkar — last modified Mar 28, 2012 04:53 AM

Looking at the larger picture of national security versus consumer privacy, Sahana Sarkar says that though consumer privacy is important in the world of digital technology, individuals must put aside some of their civil liberties when it comes to the question of national security, as it is necessary to prevent societal damage.

Consumer Privacy in e-Commerce - Read More…

Video Surveillance and Its Impact on the Right to Privacy

by Vaishnavi Chillakuru — last modified Sep 29, 2011 05:35 AM

The need for video surveillance has grown in this technologically driven era as a mode of law enforcement. Video Surveillance is very useful to governments and law enforcement to maintain social control, recognize and monitor threats, and prevent/investigate criminal activity. In this regard it is pertinent to highlight that not only are governments using this system, but residential communities in certain areas are also using this system to create a safer environment.

Video Surveillance and Its Impact on the Right to Privacy - Read More…

Privacy Matters, Guwahati — Event Report

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 26, 2011 10:31 AM

On June 23, a public seminar on “Privacy Matters” was held at the Don Bosco Institute in Karhulli, Guwahati. It was organised by IDRC, Society in Action Group, IDEA Chirang, an NGO initiative working with grassroots initiatives in Assam, Privacy India and CIS and was attended by RTI activists and grass roots NGO representatives from across the North Eastern region: Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Nagaland, Assam and Sikkim. The event focused on the challenges and concerns of privacy in India.

Privacy Matters, Guwahati — Event Report - Read More…

Right to Privacy Bill 2010 — A Few Comments

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 06:26 AM

Earlier this year, in February 2011, Rajeev Chandrasekhar introduced the Right to Privacy Bill, 2010 in the Rajya Sabha. The Bill is meant to “provide protection to the privacy of persons including those who are in public life”. Though the Bill states that its objective is to protect individuals’ fundamental right to privacy, the focus of the Bill is on the protection against the use of electronic/digital recording devices in public spaces without consent and for the purpose of blackmail or commercial use.

Right to Privacy Bill 2010 — A Few Comments - Read More…

Privacy & Media Law

by Sonal Makhija — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:26 AM

In her research, Sonal Makhija, a Bangalore-based lawyer, tries to delineate the emerging privacy concerns in India and the existing media norms and guidelines on the right to privacy. The research examines the existing media norms (governed by Press Council of India, the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995 and the Code of Ethics drafted by the News Broadcasting Standard Authority), the constitutional protection guaranteed to an individual’s right to privacy upheld by the courts, and the reasons the State employs to justify the invasion of privacy. The paper further records, both domestic and international, inclusions and exceptions with respect to the infringement of privacy.

Privacy & Media Law - Read More…

When Data Means Privacy, What Traces Are You Leaving Behind?

by Noopur Raval — last modified Nov 24, 2011 09:24 AM

How do you know yourself to be different from others? What defines the daily life that you live and the knowledge you produce in the span of this life? Is all that information yours or are you a mere stakeholder on behalf of the State whose subject you are? What does privacy really mean? In a society that is increasingly relying on information to identify people, collecting and archiving ‘personal’ details of your lives, your name, age, passport details, ration card number, call records etc, how private is your tweet, status update, text message or simply, your restaurant bill?

When Data Means Privacy, What Traces Are You Leaving Behind? - Read More…

My Experiment with Scam Baiting

by Sahana Sarkar — last modified Mar 13, 2012 10:43 AM

Today, as I am sure many of you have experienced, Internet scams are widespread and very deceptive. As part of my research into privacy and the Internet, I decided to follow a scam and attempt to fully understand how Internet scams work, and what privacy implications they have for Internet users. Though there are many different types of scams that take place over the Internet —identity scams, housing scams, banking scams— just to name a few. I decided to look in depth at the lottery scam.

My Experiment with Scam Baiting - Read More…

RTI and Third Party Information: What Constitutes the Private and Public?

by Noopur Raval — last modified Nov 24, 2011 09:21 AM

The passing of the Right to Information Act, 2005 was seen as giving an empowering tool in the hands of the citizens of India, six years post its implementation, loopholes have surfaced with misuse of the many fundamental concepts, which have yet not been defined to allow for a consistent pattern of decisions. Among many problems that emerge with the Act, a major problem is defining the extent to which an individual has access to other people’s information. While most of us tend to think that asking for other people’s phone numbers, personal details like passport number or IT returns are private and would be kept so, under the RTI Act and as seen in the Central Information Commission (CIC) decisions, all of these details can be availed of by someone who doesn’t know you at all!

RTI and Third Party Information: What Constitutes the Private and Public? - Read More…

Privacy and Security Can Co-exist

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:05 AM

The blanket surveillance the Centre seeks is not going to make India more secure, writes Sunil Abraham in this article published in Mail Today on June 21, 2011.

Privacy and Security Can Co-exist - Read More…

Copyright Enforcement and Privacy in India

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:27 AM

Copyright can function contradictorily, as both the vehicle for the preservation of privacy as well as its abuse, writes Prashant Iyengar. The research examines the various ways in which privacy has been implicated in the shifting terrain of copyright enforcement in India and concludes by examining the notion of the private that emerges from a tapestry view of the relevant sections of Copyright Act.

Copyright Enforcement and Privacy in India - Read More…

Snooping Can Lead to Data Abuse

Snooping Can Lead to Data Abuse

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:39 AM

THE NATGRID, aiming to link databases of 21 departments and ministries for better counter-terror measures, adopts blunt policy approach, subjecting every citizen to the same level of blanket surveillance, instead of a targeted approach that intelligently focuses on geographic or demographic areas that are currently important, writes Sunil Abraham in this article published by Mail Today on June 9, 2011.

Snooping Can Lead to Data Abuse - Read More…

The New Right to Privacy Bill 2011 — A Blind Man's View of the Elephunt

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Feb 29, 2012 05:45 AM

Over the past few days various newspapers have reported the imminent introduction in Parliament, during the upcoming Monsoon session, of a Right to Privacy Bill. Since the text of this bill has not yet been made accessible to the public, this post attempts to grope its way – through guesswork – towards a picture of what the Bill might look like from a combined reading of all the newspaper accounts, writes Prashant Iyengar in this blog post which was posted on the Privacy India website on June 8, 2011.

The New Right to Privacy Bill 2011 — A Blind Man's View of the Elephunt - Read More…

Do You Want to be Watched?

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:11 AM

The new rules under the IT Act are an assault on our freedom, says Sunil Abraham in this article published in Pragati on June 8, 2011.

Do You Want to be Watched? - Read More…

The Digital is Political

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:14 AM

Technologies are not just agents of politics, there is politics in their design, writes Nishant Shah in this article published in Down to Earth in the Issue of June 15, 2011.

The Digital is Political - Read More…

Say 'Password' in Hindi

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:18 AM

English might be the language of the online world, but it’s time other languages had their say, writes Nishant Shah. The article was published in the Indian Express on June 5, 2011.

Say 'Password' in Hindi - Read More…

A Street View of Private and the Public

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:34 AM

Prashant Iyengar on how in the eyes of the law, the internet giant is like the homeless in India. This article was published by Tehelka on June 4, 2011.

A Street View of Private and the Public - Read More…

Bloggers' Rights Subordinated to Rights of Expression: Cyber Law Expert

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:35 AM

Vijayashankar, an eminent cyber law expert answers Elonnai Hickok’s questions on bloggers' rights, freedom of expression and privacy in this e-mail interview conducted on May 19, 2011.

Bloggers' Rights Subordinated to Rights of Expression: Cyber Law Expert - Read More…

Big Brother is Watching You

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:32 AM

The government is massively expanding its surveillance power over law-abiding citizens and businesses, says Sunil Abraham in this article published by the Deccan Herald on June 1, 2011.

Big Brother is Watching You - Read More…

The Present — and Future — Dangers of India's Draconian New Internet Regulations

by Anja Kovacs — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:22 AM

The uproar surrounding India's Internet Control Rules makes clear that in the Internet age, as before, the active chilling of freedom of expression by the state is unacceptable in a democracy. Yet if India's old censorship regimes are to be maintained in this new context, the state will have little choice but to do just that. Are we ready to rethink the ways in which we deal with free speech and censorship as a society? Asks Anja Kovacs in this article, published in Caravan, 1 June 2011.

The Present — and Future — Dangers of India's Draconian New Internet Regulations - Read More…

Killing the Internet Softly with Its Rules

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Aug 20, 2011 12:51 PM

While regulation of the Internet is a necessity, the Department of IT, through recent Rules under the IT Act, is guilty of over-regulation. This over-regulation is not only a bad idea, but is unconstitutional, and gravely endangers freedom of speech and privacy online.

Killing the Internet Softly with Its Rules - Read More…

Power to the People

by Nishant Shah — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:35 AM

The digital revolution has helped make NGOs and civil society more influential, independent and transparent, writes Nishant Shah in this article published in the Indian Express on Sunday, May 15, 2011.

Power to the People - Read More…

Rebuttal of DIT's Misleading Statements on New Internet Rules

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jul 11, 2012 01:18 PM

The press statement issued on May 11 by the Department of Information Technology (DIT) on the furore over the newly-issued rules on 'intermediary due diligence' is misleading and is, in places, plainly false. We are presenting a point-by-point rebuttal of the DIT's claims.

Rebuttal of DIT's Misleading Statements on New Internet Rules - Read More…

Limits to Privacy

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:28 AM

In his research article, Prashant Iyengar examines the limits to privacy for individuals in light of the provisions of the Constitution of India, public interest, security of state and maintenance of law and order. The article attempts to build a catalogue of all these justifications and arrive at a classification of all such frequently used terms invoked in statutes and upheld by courts to deprive persons of their privacy.

Limits to Privacy - Read More…

Privacy By Design — Conference Report

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 22, 2011 12:03 PM

How do we imagine privacy? How is privacy being built into technological systems? On April 16th,The Center for Internet and Society hosted Privacy by Design, an Open Space meant to answer these questions and more around the topic of privacy. Below is a summary of the conversations and dialogs from the event.

Privacy By Design — Conference Report - Read More…

CDT Provides Answers to Questions on Internet Neutrality

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jun 04, 2012 05:56 AM

Pranesh Prakash of CIS asked David Sohn of CDT a few pointed questions on the emerging hot topic of 'Internet neutrality', and received very useful responses. Those questions and Mr. Sohn's responses are documented in this blog post.

CDT Provides Answers to Questions on Internet Neutrality - Read More…

The DNA Profiling Bill 2007 and Privacy

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:40 AM

In 2007 a bill known as the Draft DNA Profiling Bill was piloted by the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, an autonomous organization funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. The below is a background to DNA collection/analysis in India, and a critique of the Bill a from a privacy perspective.

The DNA Profiling Bill 2007 and Privacy - Read More…

An Interview with Activist Shubha Chacko: Privacy and Sex Workers

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 28, 2012 06:26 AM

On February 20th I had the opportunity to speak with Shubha Chacko on privacy and sex workers. Ms. Chacko is an activist who works for Aneka, an NGO based in Bangalore, which fights for the human rights of sexual minorities. In my interview with Ms. Chacko I tried to understand how privacy impacts the lives of sex workers in India. The below is an account of our conversation.

An Interview with Activist Shubha Chacko: Privacy and Sex Workers - Read More…

We are anonymous, we are legion

by Sunil Abraham — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:38 AM

Online anonymity is vital for creativity and entrepreneurship on the Web, writes Sunil Abraham. The article was published in the Hindu on April 18, 2011.

We are anonymous, we are legion - Read More…

You Have the Right to Remain Silent

by Anja Kovacs — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:55 AM

India has a long history of censorship that it justifies in the name of national security. But new laws governing the Internet are unreasonable and — given the multitude of online voices — poorly thought out, argues Anja Kovacs in this article published in the Sunday Guardian on 17 April 2011.

You Have the Right to Remain Silent - Read More…

Iraq Delegation to Visit India for Study of E-Governance in Indian Cities ― Meetings in Bangalore and Delhi

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:13 AM

An Iraqi Government delegation headed by HE Mr. Abdul Kareem Al-Samarai, Minister of Science & Technology, Government of Iraq will be in India on a e-governance tour. The study tour is organised by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA).

Iraq Delegation to Visit India for Study of E-Governance in Indian Cities ― Meetings in Bangalore and Delhi - Read More…

Privacy and the Information Technology Act — Do we have the Safeguards for Electronic Privacy?

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:29 AM

How do the provisions of the Information Technology Act measure up to the challenges of privacy infringement? Does it provide an adequate and useful safeguard for our electronic privacy? Prashant Iyengar gives a comprehensive analysis on whether and how the Act fulfils the challenges and needs through a series of FAQs while drawing upon real life examples.

Privacy and the Information Technology Act — Do we have the Safeguards for Electronic Privacy? - Read More…

DIT's Response to RTI on Website Blocking

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:13 AM

For the first time in India, we have a list of websites that are blocked by order of the Indian government. This data was received from the Department of Information Technology in response to an RTI that CIS filed. Pranesh Prakash of CIS analyzes the implications of these blocks, as well as the shortcomings of the DIT's response.

DIT's Response to RTI on Website Blocking - Read More…

Is Data Protection Enough?

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:28 AM

The following note looks briefly at different sides of the privacy debate, and asks the question whether a Data Protection law is enough privacy protection for India.

Is Data Protection Enough? - Read More…

Surveillance Technologies

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:40 AM

The following post briefly looks at different surveillance technologies, and the growing use of the them in India.

Surveillance Technologies - Read More…

Encryption Standards and Practices

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:39 AM

The below note looks at different types of encryption, varying practices of encryption in India, and the relationship between encryption, data security, and national security.

Encryption Standards and Practices - Read More…

'Privacy Matters', Ahmedabad: Conference Report

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Apr 04, 2011 04:45 AM

On 26 March 2011, civil society, lawyers, judges, students and NGO’s, gathered together at the Ahmedabad Management Association to take part in 'Privacy Matters' – a public conference organised by Privacy India in partnership with IDRC and Research Foundation for Governance in India (RFGI) — to discuss the challenges of privacy in India, with an emphasis on national security and privacy. The conference was opened by Prashant Iyengar, head researcher at Privacy India and Kanan Drhu, director of RFGI. Mr. Iyengar explained Privacy India’s mandate to raise awareness of privacy, spark civil action, and promote democratic dialogue around privacy challenges and violations in India. RFGI is a think tank established in 2009 which aims to research, promote, and implement various reforms to improve the legal and political process in Gujarat and across India. ‘Privacy Matters – Ahmedabad’ is the third conference out of the eight that Privacy India will be hosting across India. The next conference will take place in Hyderabad on 9 April 2011. It will focus on human rights and privacy.

'Privacy Matters', Ahmedabad: Conference Report - Read More…

News Broadcasting Standards Authority censures TV9 over privacy violations!

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:14 AM

We at PrivacyIndia/CIS are delighted by the recent order issued by the News Broadcasting Standards Authority(NBSA) which slapped a 1 lakh rupee fine on the news channel TV9 for airing an extremely incendiary and invasive programme titled "Gay Culture rampant in Hyderabad".

News Broadcasting Standards Authority censures TV9 over privacy violations! - Read More…

A Stolen Perspective

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:43 AM

The note below is a perspective piece on biometrics. On March 11th I traveled down to the Philippines, and had a chance to experience the possible convenience of biometric based identification.

A Stolen Perspective - Read More…

The Draft Electronic Delivery of Services Bill, 2011 – Comments by CIS

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:37 AM

The Draft Electronic Delivery of Services Bill, 2011 (“Bill”) is a Bill to provide for delivery of government services manadatorily through electronic means by phasing out manual delivery of services. It is heartening to note that the Bill shifts the approach to electronic delivery of services by Government agencies to one as part of the citizens' right to service delivery through electronic means rather than a luxury or benefit doled out by the Government. The Bill introduces bodies exclusively accountable for ensuring that electronic delivery of services by the Government at the state and central levels. While this is a welcome move on the part of the Government there are a few comments we, at the Centre for Internet and Society, have on the present version of the Bill:

The Draft Electronic Delivery of Services Bill, 2011 – Comments by CIS - Read More…

Policy for Government's Presence in Social Media - Recommendations

by Krithika Dutta Narayana — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:37 AM

In pursuance of the Office Memorandum issued by the DIT dated March 4, 2011, the e-Governance Group of the DIT, convened on March 23, 2011, the first meeting of an exclusive group to propose guidelines for government presence on social networking and social media sites. The Centre for Internet and Society being one of the invitees to the meeting, has submitted its recommendations for a Policy for the Government's presence in social networking and social media sites.

Policy for Government's Presence in Social Media - Recommendations - Read More…

Privacy and Governmental Databases

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:41 AM

In our research we have found that most government databases are incrementally designed in response to developments and improvements that need to be incorporated from time to time. This method of architecting a system leads to a poorly designed database with many privacy risks such as: inaccurate data, incomplete data, inappropriate disclosure of data, inappropriate access to data, and inappropriate security over data. To address these privacy concerns it is important to analyze the problem that is being addressed from the perspective of potential and planned interoperability with other government databases. Below is a list of problems and recommendations concerning privacy, concerning government databases.

Privacy and Governmental Databases - Read More…

RTI Applications on Blocking of Websites

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Dec 21, 2012 06:34 AM

In recent weeks, an increasing number of incidents have come to light on government-ordered blocking of websites. In one case involving Zone-H.org, it is clear who has ordered the block (a Delhi district court judge, as an interim order), even though the block itself is open to constitutional challenge. In all others cases, including the TypePad case, it is unclear who has ordered the block and why. We at CIS have sent in two right to information requests to find out.

RTI Applications on Blocking of Websites - Read More…

CIS Para-wise Comments on Intermediary Due Diligence Rules, 2011

by Pranesh Prakash — last modified Jul 11, 2012 10:27 AM

On February 7th 2011, the Department of Information Technology, MCIT published draft rules on its website (The Information Technology (Due diligence observed by intermediaries guidelines) Rules, 2011) in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 87(2)(zg), read with Section 79(2) of the Information Technology Act, 2000. Comments were invited from the public before February 25th 2011. Accordingly, Privacy India and Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore have prepared the following para-wise comments for the Ministry’s consideration.

CIS Para-wise Comments on Intermediary Due Diligence Rules, 2011 - Read More…

CIS Para-wise Comments on Cyber Café Rules, 2011

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:32 AM

On February 7th 2011, the Department of Information Technology, MCIT published draft rules on its website (The Information Technology (Guidelines for Cyber Cafe) Rules, 2011) in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 87(2) (zg), read with Section 79(2) of the Information Technology Act, 2000. Comments were invited from the public before February 25th 2011. Accordingly, Privacy India and Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore have prepared the following para wise comments for the Ministry’s consideration.

CIS Para-wise Comments on Cyber Café Rules, 2011 - Read More…

CIS Para-wise Comments on Draft Reasonable Security Practices Rules, 2011

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Dec 14, 2012 10:32 AM

On February 7th 2011, the Department of Information Technology, MCIT published draft rules on its website (The Information Technology (Reasonable security practices and procedures and sensitive personal information) Rules, 2011) in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 87(2)(ob), read with Section 43A of the Information Technology Act, 2000. Comments were invited from the public before February 25th 2011. Accordingly, Privacy India and Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore have prepared the following para-wise comments for the Ministry’s consideration.

CIS Para-wise Comments on Draft Reasonable Security Practices Rules, 2011 - Read More…

Google Policy Fellowship Program: Asia Chapter

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:34 AM

For the ardent followers of free and open Internet and for those who love to debate on technology, media law and Internet-related policy issues, there is some good news. The Centre for Internet and Society, India is conducting a Google Policy Fellowship program this summer!

Google Policy Fellowship Program: Asia Chapter - Read More…

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: UID and Transactions

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Feb 24, 2011 01:35 PM

Since official documentation from the UIDAI is very limited, we assume that data pertaining to transactions would comprise of the Aadhaar number, identifier of the authenticating device, date-time stamp, and approval/rejection/error code. Recording and maintaining of data pertaining to transactions is very important because it increases transparency and accountability through an audit trail. However, storage of such sensitive data creates many privacy risks, because more often than not metadata gives you as much intelligence as raw data.

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: UID and Transactions - Read More…

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: Operational Design

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Feb 17, 2011 10:02 AM

The objective of the UID project is to provide identity infrastructure that is not susceptible to fraud or error. This note highlights parts of the operational design of the project, which are flawed. We plead that each point be taken into consideration and that the design be suitably revised.

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: Operational Design - Read More…

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: UID Budget

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Feb 17, 2011 11:18 AM

This note presents the aspects of the UID project, which have not been considered or incorporated into the UID’s budget. The costs include re-enrollment, loss in human time, and the cost of the audit function.

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: UID Budget - Read More…

Open Letter to the Finance Committe: Biometrics

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Feb 17, 2011 01:12 PM

This note points out the weaknesses inherent in biometrics and the pitfalls in using them. It recommends procedural safeguards that should be adopted by the UID in order to make the use of biometrics more secure and inclusive.

Open Letter to the Finance Committe: Biometrics - Read More…

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: Finance and Security

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Feb 17, 2011 11:57 AM

This note explores the three connections between finance and security and demonstrates the cost implications of operating a centrally designed identity management system as proposed by the UID. In doing so, it shows how the monitoring, storing, and securing of transactional data in a centralized database fall short of meeting the project's objectives of authentication, and thus is an additional cost. Further, it is argued that the blanket monitoring of the transaction database is not an effective method of detecting fraud, and is an expensive component of the project.

Open Letter to the Finance Committee: Finance and Security - Read More…

Conference Report: 'Privacy Matters' Bangalore

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Feb 08, 2011 05:13 AM

On February 5th the 'Privacy Matters" conference was held at the TERI Regional Center in Bangalore. The event was a full day and centered around issues of privacy including: privacy rights of minorities, privacy and open government data, and privacy and identity.

Conference Report: 'Privacy Matters' Bangalore - Read More…

Analysing the Right to Privacy and Dignity with Respect to the UID

by Deva Prasad — last modified Mar 21, 2012 09:54 AM

In the below note, Deva Prasad, LLM Candidate at NLSIU, explores the challenges that the UID project faces from a legal perspective.

Analysing the Right to Privacy and Dignity with Respect to the UID - Read More…

Privacy Matters — Conference Report

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Jan 27, 2011 10:22 AM

A one-day conference on Privacy Matters was held on Sunday, 23 January 2011 at the National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS) Law School in Kolkata. This was the first of a series of eleven conferences on ‘privacy’ that Privacy India is scheduled to host in different Indian cities from January to June this year. Members of Parliament, Sri Manoj Bhattacharya from the Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) and Sri Nilotpal Basu from the Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI (M) spoke in the conference. Students, the civil society and lawyers also participated in it.

Privacy Matters — Conference Report - Read More…

4 Popular Myths about UID

by Prashant Iyengar — last modified Jun 20, 2012 04:37 AM

By now, there is already a lot of material in the public domain that is critical about the UID/Aadhar project, writes Prashant Iyengar in this blog entry published in Privacy India on January 22, 2011.

4 Popular Myths about UID - Read More…

Privacy Matters Conference Agenda

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Jan 14, 2011 11:45 AM

The "Privacy Matters" conference is taking place on Sunday January 23rd, at NUJS Law school at 10:30. It is a full day event that will discuss the challenges and concerns of privacy in India. Below is the agenda for the event. We look forward to your participation and attendance.

Privacy Matters Conference Agenda - Read More…

Jurisdictional Issues in Cyberspace

by Justice S Muralidhar — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:00 AM

This article by Justice S Muralidhar was published in the Indian Journal of Law and Technology, Volume 6, 2010. It explores in detail the jurisdiction of courts when dealing with disputes arising from commercial transactions on the Internet.

Jurisdictional Issues in Cyberspace - Read More…

An Open Letter to the Finance Committee: SCOSTA Standards

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Dec 20, 2013 03:58 AM

The UID Bill has been placed to the Finance Committee for review and approval. Through a series of open letters to the Finance Committee, civil society is asking the committee to take into consideration and change certain aspects of the Bill and the project. The below note compares the SCOSTA standard with the Aadhaar biometric standard, and explains why we believe the SCOSTA standard should replace the Aadhaar biometric standard for the authentication process in the UID scheme.

An Open Letter to the Finance Committee: SCOSTA Standards - Read More…

Does the UID Reflect India?

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:45 AM

On December 17th the Campaign for No UID held a press conference and public meeting in Bangalore. Below is a summary and analysis of the events.

Does the UID Reflect India? - Read More…

The Privacy Rights of Whistleblowers

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:47 AM

The recent disclosures from Wikileaks have shown that the right to information, whistle-blowing, and privacy are interconnected. This note looks at the different ways in which the three are related, as well as looking at the benefits and drawbacks to Wikileaks in terms of privacy.

The Privacy Rights of Whistleblowers - Read More…

UID & Privacy - A Call for Papers

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:03 AM

Privacy India is inviting individuals to author short papers focused on Unique Identity (UID) and Privacy. Selected candidates will have their papers published on the CIS website, and their transportation and accommodation provided for the “Privacy Matters” conference being held in Kolkata on 22 January 2010.

UID & Privacy - A Call for Papers - Read More…

Should Ratan Tata be Afforded the Right to Privacy?

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:03 AM

The Ratan Tata case has raised many important questions pertaining to privacy. This note looks at a few of those questions, and the debate that centers around them.

Should Ratan Tata be Afforded the Right to Privacy? - Read More…

UID Meeting in Bangalore – A Report

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Jan 04, 2011 08:14 AM

On 23 November 2010 a public meeting was held for the UID in Bangalore. The speakers included B.K Chandrashekar, former Chairman of the Karnataka Legislature Council, Mr. Vidyashankar, Principal Secretary to Government of e-commerce, Sunil Abraham, Executive Director of Centre for Internet and Society, Jude D’Souza, Technology Specialist and Mathew Thomas, Retired Army Officer.

UID Meeting in Bangalore – A Report - Read More…

DSCI Information Security Summit 2010 – A Report

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:04 AM

On 2 and 3 December 2010, the DSCI Information Security Summit 2010 took place in the Trident Hotel, Chennai. The two day summit included a broad spectrum of speakers/panels and topics, ranging from Securing Data & Systems to how to leverage the Cloud. The key speakers were Mr. Gulshan Rai, Director General, CERT-In, DIT, Mr. Rajeev Kapoor, Joint Secretary, DoPT, Govt. of India, Mr. Vakul Sharma, Advocate, Supreme Court of India and Dr. Kamlesh Bajaj, CEO, DSCI. Elonnai Hickok attended the summit.

DSCI Information Security Summit 2010 – A Report - Read More…

Public Statement to Final Draft of UID Bill

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:48 AM

The final draft of the UID Bill that will be submitted to the Lok Sabha was made public on 8 November 2010. If the Bill is approved by Parliament, it will become a legal legislation in India. The following note contains Civil Society's response to the final draft of the Bill.

Public Statement to Final Draft of UID Bill - Read More…

Consumer Privacy - How to Enforce an Effective Protective Regime?

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:06 AM

In a typical sense, when people think of themselves as consumers, they just think about what they purchase, how they purchase and how they use their purchase. But while doing this exercise we are always exchanging personally identifiable information, and thus our privacy is always at risk. In this blog post, Elonnai Hickok and Prashant Iyengar through a series of questions look through the whole concept of consumer privacy at the national and international levels. By placing a special emphasis on Indian context, this post details the potential avenues of consumer privacy in India and states the important elements that should be kept in mind when trying to find at an effective protective regime for consumer privacy.

Consumer Privacy - How to Enforce an Effective Protective Regime? - Read More…

Privacy and Telecommunications: Do We Have the Safeguards?

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:06 AM

All of you often come across unsolicited and annoying telemarketing calls/ SMS's, prank calls, pestering calls for payment, etc. Do we have any safeguards against them? This blog post takes a look at the various rules and regulations under Indian law to guard our privacy and confidentiality.

Privacy and Telecommunications: Do We Have the Safeguards? - Read More…

Privacy and Banking: Do Indian Banking Standards Provide Enough Privacy Protection?

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:07 AM

Banking is one of the most risky sectors as far as privacy is concerned due to the highly sensitive and personal nature of information which is often exchanged, recorded and retained. Although India has RBI guidelines and legislations to protect data, this blog post looks at the extent of those protections, and what are the areas that still need to be addressed.

Privacy and Banking: Do Indian Banking Standards Provide Enough Privacy Protection? - Read More…

C.I.S Responds to Privacy Approach Paper

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:08 AM

A group of officers was created to develop a framework for a privacy legislation that would balance the need for privacy protection, security, sectoral interests, and respond to the domain legislation on the subject. Shri Rahul Matthan of Tri Legal Services prepared an approach paper for the legal framework for a proposed legislation on privacy. The approach paper is now being circulated for seeking opinions of the group of officers and is also being placed on the website of the Department of Personnel and Training for seeking public views on the subject. The Privacy India team at C.I.S responded to the approach paper and has called for the need for a more detailed study of statutory enforcement models and mechanisms in the creation of a privacy legislation.

C.I.S Responds to Privacy Approach Paper - Read More…

American Bar Association Online Privacy Conference: A Report

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:08 AM

On 10 November 2010, I attended an American Bar Association online conference on 'Regulating Privacy Across Borders in the Digital Age: An Emerging Global Consensus or Vive la Difference'. The panalists addressed many important global privacy challenges and spoke about the changes the EU directive is looking to take.

American Bar Association Online Privacy Conference: A Report - Read More…

Privacy, Free/Open Source, and the Cloud

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 22, 2012 05:50 AM

A look into the questions that arise in concern to privacy and cloud computing, and how open source plays into the picture.

Privacy, Free/Open Source, and the Cloud - Read More…

Privacy Concerns in Whole Body Imaging: A Few Questions

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:09 AM

Security versus Privacy...it is a question that the world is facing today when it comes to using the Whole Body Imaging technology to screen a traveller visually in airports and other places. By giving real life examples from different parts of the world Elonnai Hickok points out that even if the Government of India eventually decides to advocate the tight security measures with some restrictions then such measures need to balanced against concerns raised for personal freedom. She further argues that privacy is not just data protection but something which must be viewed holistically and contextually when assessing new policies.

Privacy Concerns in Whole Body Imaging: A Few Questions - Read More…

Moldova Online: An Interview with Victor Diaconu

by Sudha Rajagopalan — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:10 AM

In this interview for Russian Cyberspace, set up with the help of Sunil Abraham (Executive Director at the Centre for Internet and Society in Bangalore, India), computer software professional Victor Diaconu explains the nature of Internet use, state control and the development of blogging and social media platforms in Moldova. Victor works at Computaris in Chisinau. He is Moldova educated, and has travelled to several western countries (including lengthy stays to US, UK) to learn about and understand what there is to be done in Moldova. Sudha Rajagopalan interviewed Victor Diaconu.

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Presentation of the UID project by Ashok Dalwai – A Report

by Elonnai Hickok — last modified Mar 21, 2012 10:09 AM

On Tuesday, 7 September 2010, Ashok Dalwai, the Deputy Director General of the Unique Identification of India (UIDAI), gave a lecture at the Indian Institute for Science in Bangalore. Representing the UID Authority, his presentation explained the vision of the project and focused on the challenges involved in demographic and biometric identification, the technology adopted, and the enrolment process. Elonnai Hickok gives a report of his presentation in this blog post.

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Beyond Access as Inclusion

by Anja Kovacs — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:29 AM

On 13 September, the day before the fifth Internet Governance Forum opens, CIS is coorganising in Vilnius a meeting on Internet governance and human rights. One of the main aims of this meeting is to call attention to the crucial, yet in Internet governance often neglected, indivisibility of rights. In this blog post, Anja Kovacs uses this lens to illustrate how it can broaden as well reinvigorate our understanding of what remains one of the most pressing issues in Internet governance in developing countries to this day: that of access to the Internet.

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Cybercrime and Privacy

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Sep 14, 2010 01:21 PM

Elonnai Hickok examines privacy in the context of India’s legal provisions on cybercrime. She picks up the relevant provisions of the Information Technology Act as amended in 2008 dealing with cyber crimes and provides a fair analysis of the pros and cons of the amended Act.

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Privacy and the Indian Copyright Act

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 06, 2013 01:37 PM

India's Copyright Act was established in 1957, and is in the process of being placed before the Parliament in 2010. The provisions in the proposed Bill will work to make the Act WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) compliant. When looking at privacy in the context of copyright four key questions arise, says Elonnai Hickock as she analyses privacy in the context of the Indian Copyright Act.

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Summary of UID Public Meeting, August 25 2010

by Prasad Krishna — last modified Aug 02, 2011 07:28 AM

A summary of the "No UID" public meeting that took place on Aug. 25th at the Constitution Club, New Dehli.

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